Stroke

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

FGF-23 concentrations in the top quartile were independently linked to greater risk for CV death and heart failure hospitalization.

Praxbind Gains Full FDA Approval as Pradaxa Reversal Agent

Praxbind Gains Full FDA Approval as Pradaxa Reversal Agent

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Complete reversal was seen within 4 hours in the majority of patients, as measured by ecarin clotting time (ECT 82%) or diluted thrombin time (dTT 99%). In addition, there was a low late of thrombotic events and no new safety events were reported.

Rapid Deployment Valve for Aortic Stenosis Ups Stroke Risk

Rapid Deployment Valve for Aortic Stenosis Ups Stroke Risk

Rapid deployment valve use linked to increased rates of pacemaker implantation and disabling stroke, but not mortality.

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.

Informal CVD Caregiving Costs Estimated at $61 Billion in 2015

Informal CVD Caregiving Costs Estimated at $61 Billion in 2015

Costs related to informal caregiving for patients with cardiovascular disease may increase to $128 billion by 2035.

Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering Provides No Mortality Benefit in Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Intensive Blood Pressure Lowering Provides No Mortality Benefit in Acute Intracerebral Hemorrhage

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Investigators conducted a meta-analysis of trials that reported functional outcomes and mortality rates among patients with intracerebral hemorrhage following intensive blood pressure lowering.

Physical, Executive Function Most Affected After Ischemic Stroke

Physical, Executive Function Most Affected After Ischemic Stroke

Worse scores in multiple domains tied to lower income, female sex, and disability.

Heart Disease, Stroke Less Prevalent in Foreign-Born Adults

Heart Disease, Stroke Less Prevalent in Foreign-Born Adults

Foreign-born US residents have lower prevalence of heart disease and stroke than US-born adults.

Social Isolation, Loneliness May Increase AMI, Stroke Risk

Social Isolation, Loneliness May Increase AMI, Stroke Risk

Social isolation linked to increased mortality among individuals with history of AMI or stroke

Treating Urinary Incontinence Following Stroke

Treating Urinary Incontinence Following Stroke

Stroke survivors reported that a systematic voiding program helped them regain autonomy and re-establish pattern of micturition.

Patent Foramen Ovale Characteristics May Predict Benefits of PFO Closure

Patent Foramen Ovale Characteristics May Predict Benefits of PFO Closure

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Patent foramen ovale closure resulted in a lower recurrence of stroke in patients with cryptogenic stroke and high-risk PFO characteristics.

A 64-Year-Old Woman With Colorectal Cancer Presents to ED With Severe Chest Pain

A 64-Year-Old Woman With Colorectal Cancer Presents to ED With Severe Chest Pain

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A 64-year-old woman who was recently diagnosed with colorectal cancer is brought to the emergency department with substernal chest pain and shortness of breath.

Previous Stroke or TIA May Increase Risk for Urgency Urinary Incontinence

Previous Stroke or TIA May Increase Risk for Urgency Urinary Incontinence

Independent risk factors for urgency urinary incontinence included previous stroke or transient ischemic attack, increased body mass index, and hypertension.

DASH Diet for Hypertension, Stroke Prevention May Also Reduce Depression Risk

DASH Diet for Hypertension, Stroke Prevention May Also Reduce Depression Risk

Adherence to the Dietary Approaches to Stop Hypertension (DASH) diet is associated with reduced risk for depression in older adults.

Ischemic Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Varies by Race

Ischemic Stroke Risk in Atrial Fibrillation Varies by Race

African-Americans are at an increased risk of developing an ischemic stroke before or after atrial fibrillation diagnosis compared with whites.

Digital Adherence Devices: Preventing Strokes in Afib One Reminder at a Time

Digital Adherence Devices: Preventing Strokes in Afib One Reminder at a Time

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Using digital adherence devices to improve medication adherence in patients with atrial fibrillation may reduce the rate of ischemic strokes.

Anticoagulants in Elderly With Afib, CKD May Increase Stroke Risk

Anticoagulants in Elderly With Afib, CKD May Increase Stroke Risk

Anticoagulants are associated with increased risk for ischemic stroke and hemorrhage in older patients with chronic kidney disease and a new diagnosis of atrial fibrillation.

Quality of care for transient ischemic attack and minor stroke vary across country

In this study about quality of care for patients with TIA or minor stroke, patients who were evaluated and discharged from the emergency department without inpatient admission were less likely to receive guideline-adherent treatment.

Patent Foramen Ovale May Increase Ischemic Stroke Risk Before Noncardiac Surgery

Patent Foramen Ovale May Increase Ischemic Stroke Risk Before Noncardiac Surgery

Preoperatively diagnosed patent foramen ovale is associated with increased risk for perioperative ischemic stroke in adults undergoing noncardiac surgery.

Stroke Outcomes Worse for Women

Stroke Outcomes Worse for Women

In 8 studies, which included ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke, women had worse outcomes than men, with significantly lower odds of good outcome.

Stroke, TIA Quality of Care Varies Across Facilities

Stroke, TIA Quality of Care Varies Across Facilities

Care quality for patients with transient ischemic attack or minor stroke varies substantially across elements of care and facilities.

Mediterranean and DASH Diet Combination for Stroke Survivors

Mediterranean and DASH Diet Combination for Stroke Survivors

Adherence to the Mediterranean-DASH Intervention for Neurodegenerative Delay diet is associated with a slower rate of cognitive decline in stroke survivors.

Stroke, Other CV Risks, Increased With Migraine

Stroke, Other CV Risks, Increased With Migraine

Migraine was associated with elevated risks of myocardial infarction, stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic), venous thromboembolism, and atrial fibrillation or flutter.

Clinical Case: Appropriate Cardiovascular Workup After Acute Hemiparesis

Clinical Case: Appropriate Cardiovascular Workup After Acute Hemiparesis

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The next best diagnostic step in the workup of acute ischemic stroke in context of updated 2018 guidelines is discussed.

Stroke Risk May Be Determined by Number of Renal Cysts

Stroke Risk May Be Determined by Number of Renal Cysts

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Individuals in the study were categorized based on the presence of single or multiple renal cysts; those with multiple cysts had higher odds of having a stroke.

Cardiovascular Health Goals Falling Short in Stroke Survivors

Cardiovascular Health Goals Falling Short in Stroke Survivors

Few US stroke survivors display ideal cardiovascular health.

Acute Ischemic Stroke: Updated Guidelines From AHA/ASA

Acute Ischemic Stroke: Updated Guidelines From AHA/ASA

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The American Heart Association and the American Stroke Association have released updated guidelines for the early management of ischemic strokes.

Drug Combination Reduces Risk for First Stroke

Drug Combination Reduces Risk for First Stroke

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Fixed-dose candesartan plus hydrochlorothiazide with rosuvastatin reduced the incidence of first stroke in patients at risk for cardiovascular disease.

Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke Risk Up With "Light" Smoking

Coronary Heart Disease, Stroke Risk Up With "Light" Smoking

The pooled relative risk for coronary heart disease was 1.48 and 2.04, respectively, for smoking 1 and 20 cigarettes per day.

Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Incidence Increasing in Pregnant Women

Spontaneous Subarachnoid Hemorrhage Incidence Increasing in Pregnant Women

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Researchers found an upward trend in pregnancy-related spontaneous subarachnoid hemorrhage over a span of 12 years.

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