Stroke

ACA Implementation Decreased Rates of Therapy Nonadherence in Stroke Survivors

ACA Implementation Decreased Rates of Therapy Nonadherence in Stroke Survivors

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A review of data recorded in the National Health Interview Survey showed that cost-related nonadherence with medication decreased in stroke survivors following the implementation of the ACA.

Canagliflozin Approved to Reduce MACE Risk in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and CVD

Canagliflozin Approved to Reduce MACE Risk in Adults With Type 2 Diabetes and CVD

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The FDA has approved Invokana (canagliflozin) to reduce the risk of major CV events.

Oxygen Desaturation Index Predicts AFib Risk in Ischemic Stroke

Oxygen Desaturation Index Predicts AFib Risk in Ischemic Stroke

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Investigators observed a significant association between atrial fibrillation and increasing oxygen desaturation index.

Culturally Tailored, Skills-Based Intervention Did Not Reduce Vascular Risk After Stroke

Culturally Tailored, Skills-Based Intervention Did Not Reduce Vascular Risk After Stroke

A culturally tailored, skills-based educational intervention did not reduce systolic blood pressure at one year after stroke/transient ischemic attack.

Variations in Published Stroke Rates Confound Net Anticoagulation Benefit Analyses

Variations in Published Stroke Rates Confound Net Anticoagulation Benefit Analyses

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Variations in published stroke rates for patients with AF not receiving anticoagulants result in differences in the calculated net clinical benefit of anticoagulation.

Net Clinical Benefits of Anticoagulants for AF Vary With Stroke Rate

Net Clinical Benefits of Anticoagulants for AF Vary With Stroke Rate

There is variation in the net clinical benefit of anticoagulants based on variation in published atrial fibrillation stroke rates.

Systolic Blood Pressure Variability Linked to Neurologic Outcomes in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

Systolic Blood Pressure Variability Linked to Neurologic Outcomes in Intracerebral Hemorrhage

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The primary outcome was an unfavorable neurologic outcome, which was defined as a modified Rankin Scale score of 3 to 6 at 3 months following randomization.

Statins Improve Long-Term Survival After AAA Repair

Statins Improve Long-Term Survival After AAA Repair

Preoperative statin therapy is associated with higher long-term survival following abdominal aortic aneurysm repair.

Statins, CCBs Confer Long-Term Mortality Benefit in Hypertension

Statins, CCBs Confer Long-Term Mortality Benefit in Hypertension

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Mortality benefits from atorvastatin- and amlodipine-based antihypertensive treatments extend beyond 10 years of treatment.

Psychological Distress Linked to Increased Risk of MI, Stroke

Psychological Distress Linked to Increased Risk of MI, Stroke

Psychological distress had a dose-dependent, positive association with myocardial infarction and stroke in men and women.

In Stroke Survivors, Cost-Related Nonadherence Down After ACA

In Stroke Survivors, Cost-Related Nonadherence Down After ACA

Among adult survivors of stroke, Medicaid costs increased while nonadherence costs decreased after Affordable Care Act implementation.

The Role of Public Education Campaigns in Increasing Patient Response to TIA and Minor Stroke

The Role of Public Education Campaigns in Increasing Patient Response to TIA and Minor Stroke

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The UK FAST campaign attempted to bolster patient response to both transient ischemic attack and minor stroke.

Locally Asymptomatic Ischemic Stroke May Present as Migraine Aura

Locally Asymptomatic Ischemic Stroke May Present as Migraine Aura

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Local ischemia after an acute ischemic stroke may trigger a widely migrating cortical wave of spreading depolarization, which may present as migraine aura.

Breastfeeding Linked to Lower Risk of Stroke After Menopause

Breastfeeding Linked to Lower Risk of Stroke After Menopause

Stroke risk 19% lower with breastfeeding for 1 to 6 months, and there was a stronger link for longer duration.

CHEST Releases Guideline for Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation

CHEST Releases Guideline for Antithrombotic Therapy in Atrial Fibrillation

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Patients with atrial fibrillation who have ≥1 non-sex CHA2DS2VASc stroke risk factor should receive oral anticoagulation as antithrombotic therapy.

Alteplase unlikely to reduce disability after mild stroke without disabling deficits

In this randomized controlled trial, administration of alteplase within 3 hours of mild stoke did not lead to a reduction in disability at 90 days following stroke compared with aspirin.

Quality improvement interventions increase adherence to performance measures for stroke in China

In this cluster-randomized clinical trial, quality improvement interventions led to slightly greater adherence of evidence-based, performance measures compared with usual care for acute ischemic stroke management in China.

Concomitant NSAID and Anticoagulant Use May Increase Stroke, Bleeding Risk in Afib

Concomitant NSAID and Anticoagulant Use May Increase Stroke, Bleeding Risk in Afib

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Patients with atrial fibrillation who take NSAIDs in addition to oral anticoagulants may have an increased risk for major bleeding and stroke.

Ultra-Early Neurological Deterioration Common in Stroke

Ultra-Early Neurological Deterioration Common in Stroke

Ultra-early neurological deterioration was seen most often in patients with intracranial hemorrhage patients and tied to worse 3-month outcomes.

Apixaban Lowers Bleeding Risk in Afib With End-Stage Kidney Disease

Apixaban Lowers Bleeding Risk in Afib With End-Stage Kidney Disease

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Apixaban demonstrated superiority over warfarin in terms of reducing the risk for major bleeding in patients with atrial fibrillation and end-stage kidney disease who were on dialysis.

PFO Closure Plus Antiplatelet Therapy Advised for Cryptogenic Stroke

PFO Closure Plus Antiplatelet Therapy Advised for Cryptogenic Stroke

PFO closure plus antiplatelets recommended over antiplatelet therapy alone for patients younger than 60 years.

Unraveling the Relationship Between COPD and Stroke

Unraveling the Relationship Between COPD and Stroke

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Although COPD has been identified as a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, researchers are less certain about the relationship between COPD and stroke.

Factors Increasing Risk for Hemorrhagic Stroke After Infective Endocarditis

Factors Increasing Risk for Hemorrhagic Stroke After Infective Endocarditis

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The apparent increase in risk for hemorrhagic stroke among patients with previous infective endocarditis was explained by the mediating factors of mechanical heart valve insertion, atrial fibrillation, and anticoagulation medication.

WTC-Related PTSD May Up Risk for Stroke, MI in Clean-Up Crew

WTC-Related PTSD May Up Risk for Stroke, MI in Clean-Up Crew

There was a similar magnitude of risk in men and women, independent of depression.

Stroke Rates Lower After PCI vs CABG at 5 Years

Stroke Rates Lower After PCI vs CABG at 5 Years

Stroke risk remained significantly lower after PCI than after CABG at 5-year follow-up.

Apixaban Is Safest Direct Oral Anticoagulant vs Warfarin

Apixaban Is Safest Direct Oral Anticoagulant vs Warfarin

Apixaban reduced risks of major, intracranial, and gastrointestinal bleeding compared with warfarin.

Transfeminine Persons Have Increased VTE Incidence

Transfeminine Persons Have Increased VTE Incidence

More pronounced differences in venous thromboembolism and ischemic stroke in individuals who initiated hormone treatment during follow-up.

High-Risk <i>APOL1</i> Not Tied to CHD, Stroke in Postmenopausal Black Women

High-Risk APOL1 Not Tied to CHD, Stroke in Postmenopausal Black Women

High-risk APOL1 genotype was linked to HFpEF hospitalization in postmenopausal black women.

Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

An association was seen between marital status and risk and prognosis of coronary heart disease or stroke.

Half of Cardiovascular Events Occur Between 2 to 5 Years After Stroke

Half of Cardiovascular Events Occur Between 2 to 5 Years After Stroke

The rate of a composite of stroke, acute coronary syndrome, or death from cardiovascular causes occurred in 12.9% of patients; 50.1% of events occurring in the second to fifth years.

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