Preventive Medicine

Aspirin Reduces CV Event Risk in Individuals Without Cardiovascular Disease

Aspirin Reduces CV Event Risk in Individuals Without Cardiovascular Disease

By

The use of aspirin was associated with a lower risk for cardiovascular events in individuals without cardiovascular disease.

How Does Cardiorespiratory Fitness Affect the Risk for T2D?

How Does Cardiorespiratory Fitness Affect the Risk for T2D?

By

An inverse dose-dependent association exists between cardiorespiratory fitness and type 2 diabetes risk.

Swan-Ganz Thermodilution Catheters Recalled Due to Lumen Reversal

Swan-Ganz Thermodilution Catheters Recalled Due to Lumen Reversal

By

The class I recall is being initiated because of incorrect assembly leading to catheter tube (lumens) reversal.

ACIP Updates Recommendations for US Adult Immunization Schedule

ACIP Updates Recommendations for US Adult Immunization Schedule

By

The ACIP and CDC have approved and released 2019 recommendations for the adult immunization schedule in the US.

Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults Updated

Beers Criteria for Potentially Inappropriate Medication Use in Older Adults Updated

By

Over 1400 clinical trials and research studies were reviewed by a panel of 13 experts to develop the new guideline.

Breakthrough Therapy Granted to 15-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

Breakthrough Therapy Granted to 15-Valent Pneumococcal Conjugate Vaccine

By

Phase 3 studies investigating safety, tolerability, and immunogenicity in both adults and children are currently underway.

Association Position Paper: Exercise Training for Patients With T2D and CVD

Association Position Paper: Exercise Training for Patients With T2D and CVD

Physicians need to take an active role in prescribing specific exercise training in patients with both type 2 diabetes mellitus and cardiovascular disease.

Ideal CV Health Components Linked to Dose-Dependent Reduced Risk for Diabetes

Ideal CV Health Components Linked to Dose-Dependent Reduced Risk for Diabetes

For individuals with normal fasting glucose but not those with impaired fasting glucose, a higher number of ideal cardiovascular health components correlates with a lower risk for diabetes.

FDA: Potential Increased Mortality With Paclitaxel-Coated Balloons, Stents for PAD

FDA: Potential Increased Mortality With Paclitaxel-Coated Balloons, Stents for PAD

By

The FDA's communication follows a recent meta-analysis published in the Journal of the American Heart Association.

Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

Influenza vaccination during hospitalization is associated with reduced risk for readmission, outpatient visits, fever, and clinical evaluations for infection postdischarge.

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High intake of fiber is associated with a reduced risk for several noncommunicable diseases.

Close Correlation Between Thienopyridine Responsiveness, Benefit From PFO Closure in Migraine

Close Correlation Between Thienopyridine Responsiveness, Benefit From PFO Closure in Migraine

By

Investigators reviewed past studies to find evidence that P2Y12 inhibitors effectively improve migraine headache symptoms.

Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners Remain Uncertain

Health Benefits of Nonsugar Sweeteners Remain Uncertain

There is no compelling evidence to indicate health benefits of nonsugar sweetener (NSS) use on a range of health outcomes.

Sustained Improvements in CVD Risk With Intensive T2D Intervention

Sustained Improvements in CVD Risk With Intensive T2D Intervention

By

Intensive multifactorial interventions that are implemented in a multi-ethnic population with type 2 diabetes led to sustained improvements in a model of cardiovascular disease outcomes.

Health Experts Review and Rank Best Overall Diets for 2019

Health Experts Review and Rank Best Overall Diets for 2019

By

An expert panel assessed 41 diets to come up with their final results, examining the evidence behind each diet's claims, the short-term and long-term weight loss associated with the diet, how easy the diet is to follow, how well each diet conforms to current nutrition standards, and its effect on diabetes and cardiovascular disease prevention.

Childhood Behavioral Interventions May Promote Adult Cardiovascular Health

Childhood Behavioral Interventions May Promote Adult Cardiovascular Health

By

Focusing on children for health promotion, strategies for program implementation, and gaps in research may be a successful approach for lifelong cardiovascular health.

Intervention Reduces CVD Risk in Older Adults With Metabolic Syndrome

Intervention Reduces CVD Risk in Older Adults With Metabolic Syndrome

By

A 12-month intensive lifestyle intervention including an energy-restricted Mediterranean diet, increased physical activity, and behavioral support for overweight/obese patients was found to be beneficial in decreasing adiposity and cardiovascular events.

Left Atrial Enlargement Linked to Vascular Brain Injury

Left Atrial Enlargement Linked to Vascular Brain Injury

By

Investigators examine the association between LAD and vascular brain injury on brain MRI.

USPSTF Updates Screening Recommendations for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

USPSTF Updates Screening Recommendations for Unhealthy Alcohol Use

By

The USPSTF recommends that primary care providers assess for unhealthy use of alcohol and offer behavioral counseling interventions in patients ≥18 years of age.

CDC: Life Expectancy in the United States Decreased From 2016 to 2017

CDC: Life Expectancy in the United States Decreased From 2016 to 2017

From 2016 to 2017, there was a decrease in life expectancy in the United States, with recent increases noted in drug overdose deaths and suicide mortality.

FDA: MS Drug Linked To Cases of Cervicocephalic Arterial Dissection

FDA: MS Drug Linked To Cases of Cervicocephalic Arterial Dissection

By

The FDA has issued a warning regarding rare cases of ischemic and hemorrhagic stroke and cervicocephalic arterial dissection in patients with MS shortly after receiving Lemtrada.

Healthy Lifestyle Tied to Reduced Atherosclerosis in Women

Healthy Lifestyle Tied to Reduced Atherosclerosis in Women

A healthy lifestyle during midlife is associated with less subclinical atherosclerosis among women.

Serum Vitamin D Levels Linked to Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Serum Vitamin D Levels Linked to Cardiorespiratory Fitness

Serum vitamin D levels are associated with cardiorespiratory fitness.

Noninferior CV Outcomes for Linagliptin in T2D With High CV, Renal Risk

Noninferior CV Outcomes for Linagliptin in T2D With High CV, Renal Risk

By

Linagliptin added to usual care compared with placebo added to usual care resulted in a noninferior risk for a composite cardiovascular or renal outcome over a median 2.2 years.

HbA1c Variability in General Population Increases Risk for Cardiovascular Events, All-Cause Mortality

HbA1c Variability in General Population Increases Risk for Cardiovascular Events, All-Cause Mortality

By

People who do not have diabetes or cardiovascular disease but have high hemoglobin A1c variability tend to be at greater risk for major adverse cardiovascular events and all-cause mortality.

Splanchnic Vein Thrombosis May Increase Risk for Arterial Cardiovascular Events

Splanchnic Vein Thrombosis May Increase Risk for Arterial Cardiovascular Events

By

Patients with splanchnic vein thrombosis may be at an increased risk for bleeding and arterial cardiovascular events for years after diagnosis.

Red Cross Issues Urgent Call for Blood Ahead of the Holidays

Red Cross Issues Urgent Call for Blood Ahead of the Holidays

There is an urgent need for blood and platelet donations in the United States because donations during September and October fell 21,000 units short of hospital needs.

Updated Guidelines Stress Healthy Lifestyle for Cholesterol Management

Updated Guidelines Stress Healthy Lifestyle for Cholesterol Management

A healthy lifestyle for lowering cholesterol should be emphasized for reducing cardiovascular risk across the life course, according to a guideline.

Changes in MetS Severity During Treatment Reflects Altered CVD Risk

Changes in MetS Severity During Treatment Reflects Altered CVD Risk

For patients with prediabetes who are randomly assigned to interventions, changes in risk indicators of metabolic syndrome (MetS) severity are associated with the risk for T2DM.

Limited Benefit With Omega-3 Fatty Acids for CVD Prevention

Limited Benefit With Omega-3 Fatty Acids for CVD Prevention

Omega-3 fatty acids and vitamin D do not significantly reduce major cardiovascular events or cancer incidence.

Sign Up for Free e-Newsletters