Prevention

AHA: Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity for CVD Prevention

AHA: Assessment and Promotion of Physical Activity for CVD Prevention

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The American Heart Association provided updated guidelines for the routine assessment of physical activity for healthcare systems and providers as a way to prevent future health complications.

Breathing New Life Into COPD and Asthma Therapy With Statins

Breathing New Life Into COPD and Asthma Therapy With Statins

Statins have anti-inflammatory and anti-oxidative effects, which could reduce exacerbations of both asthma and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

Loading Atorvastatin Doses Before and After PCI in ACS for MACE Prevention

Loading Atorvastatin Doses Before and After PCI in ACS for MACE Prevention

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Major adverse cardiovascular events were not reduced in patients with acute coronary syndrome undergoing planned percutaneous coronary intervention when given 2 loading doses of atorvastatin.

Psoriasis Treatment Ixekizumab Safe for Cardiovascular Health

Psoriasis Treatment Ixekizumab Safe for Cardiovascular Health

Biologic therapies for psoriasis may have an impact on cardiovascular parameters, potentially resulting in the occurrence of major adverse cardiovascular events.

Increased Risk for Mortality in People With Diabetes, CHD Taking Beta-Blockers

Increased Risk for Mortality in People With Diabetes, CHD Taking Beta-Blockers

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Further studies are needed to assess whether beta-blockers are effective in reducing mortality and coronary events in patients with diabetes receiving optimal medical treatment.

Cardiovascular Complications of COPD

Cardiovascular Complications of COPD

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A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

AHA Examines CVD and Breast Cancer Relationship

AHA Examines CVD and Breast Cancer Relationship

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The American Heart Association has released a scientific statement examining the relationship between cardiovascular disease and breast cancer.

Metabolic Syndrome Common With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Metabolic Syndrome Common With Chronic Hepatitis B Infection

Metabolic syndrome was also associated with higher alanine aminotransferase levels longitudinally.

Nut Consumption Associated With Reduced Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

Nut Consumption Associated With Reduced Risk for Atrial Fibrillation

Possible correlation also seen for nut consumption with reduced risk for heart failure, myocardial infarction, and abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Barber facilitated health promotion reduces blood pressure among black male barber patrons

Non-Hispanic black male barber patrons prescribed antihypertensive therapy with barber encouragement along with lifestyle modification experienced greater reductions in blood pressures compared with those who received lifestyle modification advice alone.

Solid fuel use linked to increased cardiovascular and all-cause mortality

Solid fuel use for cooking and heating was associated with increased risk for cardiovascular and all-cause mortality.

Racial/ethnic disparities in cardiovascular health persist in US adults

Trends from 1988 to 2014 data suggest that for US adults, cardiovascular health has worsened, and health disparities in race/ethnicity and nativity continue to exist.

Praxbind Gains Full FDA Approval as Pradaxa Reversal Agent

Praxbind Gains Full FDA Approval as Pradaxa Reversal Agent

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Complete reversal was seen within 4 hours in the majority of patients, as measured by ecarin clotting time (ECT 82%) or diluted thrombin time (dTT 99%). In addition, there was a low late of thrombotic events and no new safety events were reported.

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Cigarette Smoking a Risk Factor for Heart Failure in Blacks

Current smoking linked to higher mean left ventricular mass index and lower mean left ventricular circumferential strain.

One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

One-Hour Plasma Glucose Useful Predictor of Diabetic Retinopathy

The 1-hour test is as effective as the 2-hour test in its predictive ability

Medication Adherence, Blood Pressure Reduction Assessed With Smartphone App Use

Medication Adherence, Blood Pressure Reduction Assessed With Smartphone App Use

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While smartphone app use led to increased medication adherence, corresponding drops in systolic blood pressure were not seen.

Statin Prescription Trends in Women vs Men After Hospitalization for MI

Statin Prescription Trends in Women vs Men After Hospitalization for MI

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Women are less likely than men to fill a high-intensity statin prescription following hospitalization for myocardial infarction.

Higher Mortality Risk Seen for 'Night Owls'

Higher Mortality Risk Seen for 'Night Owls'

Individuals with an evening preference had a higher risk for mortality and metabolic dysfunction.

Workplace Noise Exposure Affects Cardiovascular Risk Factors

Workplace Noise Exposure Affects Cardiovascular Risk Factors

High blood pressure, elevated cholesterol, and hearing problems were more common in workers exposed to loud noise.

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

No Reduced CVD Risk for SBP <120 mm Hg in Type 2 Diabetes

No reduction in cardiovascular disease risk was seen with an achieved systolic blood pressure <120 mm Hg vs <130 or <140 mm Hg.

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

Wildfire Smoke Exposure Tied to Higher CV, Cerebrovascular ER Visits

There was an increased risk for all-cause cardiovascular and cerebrovascular emergency department visits, especially in individuals older than 65.

No Higher Cancer Risk Seen for Heart Failure Patients

No Higher Cancer Risk Seen for Heart Failure Patients

After a median 20 years of follow-up, heart failure not associated with cancer incidence.

Pre-Pregnancy Fitness Lowers Gestational Diabetes Risk

Pre-Pregnancy Fitness Lowers Gestational Diabetes Risk

For each standard deviation increment in baseline level of fitness, the odds of developing gestational diabetes were 21% lower.

Declines Seen in Cardiovascular Risk Factors From 1990 to 2010

Declines Seen in Cardiovascular Risk Factors From 1990 to 2010

Despite the overall decreases in cardiovascular risk, metabolic risk, measured by obesity and hemoglobin A1c, increased over time.

Menopause Symptom Severity May Predict Heart Disease

Menopause Symptom Severity May Predict Heart Disease

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Researchers examined whether menopausal symptoms, quality of life, and depression are related to arterial stiffness, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Canagliflozin Reduces CV Death and Hospitalizations for Heart Failure in T2D

Canagliflozin Reduces CV Death and Hospitalizations for Heart Failure in T2D

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Patients with type 2 diabetes at risk for heart failure are particularly likely to benefit from treatment with canagliflozin.

Noninvasive CAD Screening May Reduce Cardiac Events in Individuals With Asymptomatic Diabetes

Noninvasive CAD Screening May Reduce Cardiac Events in Individuals With Asymptomatic Diabetes

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Compared with standard care, noninvasive coronary artery disease screening reduced cardiac events by 27% in individuals with asymptomatic diabetes. Results justify larger, appropriately powered trials to potentially revisit current recommendations.

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk

Change in BMI During Puberty Tied to Later Heart Failure Risk

However, childhood BMI not independently associated with risk for heart failure.

Adults More Inclined to Take Tea, Pill for Hypertension

Adults More Inclined to Take Tea, Pill for Hypertension

Preferences indicated people would rather take daily pill or tea to prolong life rather than exercise.

ACC and AHA Release 2018 Quality Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation

ACC and AHA Release 2018 Quality Measures for Cardiac Rehabilitation

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New Class 1 recommendations involve the referral of inpatients and outpatients to cardiac rehabilitation programs that include exercise training.

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