Cardiovascular Risk in Type 2 Diabetes Reduced With Electronic Messaging
Regular smartphone communication had a positive impact on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.
HealthDay News — According to a study published online in the Journal of Clinical Nursing, an electronic messaging intervention is effective for reducing cardiovascular risk for patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus.
Ronghua Fang, RN, and Xuexue Deng, RN, from the West China Hospital Sichuan University in Chengdu, conducted a convenience sample study with randomized group assignment to examine the effectiveness of an electronic messaging support service for management of cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Participants completed surveys and underwent physical and laboratory evaluations, and were randomized to either receipt of electronic messages or a phone call. Intervention patients received appointment reminders and health information via electronic message. Intervention and control patients were followed-up every three months by telephone.
The researchers found that between-group differences were statistically significant in glycated hemoglobin, postprandial plasma glucose, postprandial insulin, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. In intervention patients, there were significant decreases in levels of glycated hemoglobin, fasting plasma glucose, postprandial plasma glucose, fasting insulin, postprandial insulin, total cholesterol, and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol. Patients only followed by telephone had a significant decrease in systolic blood pressure.
"Regular smartphone communication had a favorable impact on cardiovascular risk factors in patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus," the authors write.
- Fang R, Deng X. Electronic messaging intervention for management of cardiovascular risk factors in type 2 diabetes mellitus: a randomised controlled trial. J Clin Nurs. 2017. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13962 [Epub ahead of print]