Pediatric Cardiology

Early Post-Op APAP Exposure May Cut AKI Risk in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Early Post-Op APAP Exposure May Cut AKI Risk in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Early acetaminophen exposure after pediatric cardiac surgery may reduce rate of acute kidney injury.

Updated Blood Pressure Guidelines Identify Children With Previously Underestimated Risk

Updated Blood Pressure Guidelines Identify Children With Previously Underestimated Risk

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The new blood pressure guidelines have increased the estimated population prevalence of children with elevated blood pressure from 11.8% to 14.2%.

Transforming Congenital Heart Disease Outcomes With 3D Printing

Transforming Congenital Heart Disease Outcomes With 3D Printing

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The use of 3D-printed models is transforming congenital heart disease care by improving clinical outcomes and medical training.

Congenital Heart Disease Newborn Screening May Detect Other Diseases

Congenital Heart Disease Newborn Screening May Detect Other Diseases

Newborn screening for congenital heart disease may not detect many new cases of critical congenital heart disease, but can detect other important diseases.

Increase in Hypertension in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

Increase in Hypertension in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8% to 14.2% in children.

Pulmonary Hypertension Outcomes Predicted by NT-pro BNP

Pulmonary Hypertension Outcomes Predicted by NT-pro BNP

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N-terminal-pro brain natriuretic peptide may be a useful biomarker for both mortality and respiratory exacerbations in pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension.

Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality Following Cardiac Catheterization

Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality Following Cardiac Catheterization

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Patients with pulmonary hypertension have a high risk for adverse events during and following cardiac catheterization, but high case volume may help ameliorate this risk.

Infant Heart Defects May Be Early Marker of Future CVD in Mothers

Infant Heart Defects May Be Early Marker of Future CVD in Mothers

Mothers of infants with congenital heart defects may be more likely to have cardiovascular hospitalizations.

Fewer SIDS Cases Result From Genetic Heart Disease Causes

Fewer SIDS Cases Result From Genetic Heart Disease Causes

Fewer cases of sudden infant death syndrome may be linked to genetic heart diseases than previously thought.

FDA Approves Mechanical Heart Valve for Use in Infants

FDA Approves Mechanical Heart Valve for Use in Infants

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The FDA has approved a new size of the Masters Series Mechanical Heart Valve with Hemodynamic Plus Sewing Cuff for use in newborn patients with heart defects.

Cardiac Surgery in Infancy May Increase Risk for Hearing Loss

Cardiac Surgery in Infancy May Increase Risk for Hearing Loss

Younger gestational age, longer postoperative duration of stay, and a confirmed genetic anomaly were associated with hearing loss after pediatric cardiac surgery.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Outcomes May Be Affected by Neighborhood Income

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Outcomes May Be Affected by Neighborhood Income

Pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery who were from the lowest-income neighborhoods had increased mortality compared with children from the highest-income neighborhoods.

Initial High Blood Pressure Reading in Children: Approach With Caution

Initial High Blood Pressure Reading in Children: Approach With Caution

Only approximately half of pediatric patients with a blood pressure reading ≥95th percentile would be correctly classified based on BP reading.

Brugada Syndrome Symptoms Managed by Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

Brugada Syndrome Symptoms Managed by Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

In a recent study, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators treated sustained ventricular arrhythmias, including shocks and antitachycardia.

Pilot Study to Assess Effectiveness of Milrinone in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Pilot Study to Assess Effectiveness of Milrinone in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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A pilot study will assess the effectiveness of milrinone in a small group of infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Mandatory Screening for Congenital Heart Disease: Effects on Infant Mortality

Mandatory Screening for Congenital Heart Disease: Effects on Infant Mortality

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Mandatory congenital heart disease screening in newborns was associated with a reduction in number of infant cardiac deaths.

Methylphenidate Exposure in Pregnancy May Lead to Congenital Heart Defects

Methylphenidate Exposure in Pregnancy May Lead to Congenital Heart Defects

Intrauterine exposure to methylphenidate is associated with an increase risk of congenital heart defects.

AAP/ACC Statement on Congenital Heart Disease: Role of PCPs

AAP/ACC Statement on Congenital Heart Disease: Role of PCPs

Primary care providers and medical homes have a role to play in the management of pediatric patients with congenital heart disease.

Dyslipidemia in Children With HIV After Starting Antiretroviral Therapy

Dyslipidemia in Children With HIV After Starting Antiretroviral Therapy

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Serum lipid profile changes were shown to occur within the first year of initiating antiretroviral therapy in children.

Heart Function in Teenagers Linked to Vitamin K-1 Consumption

Heart Function in Teenagers Linked to Vitamin K-1 Consumption

Phylloquinone intake affects left ventricular structure and function in adolescents.

Pulse Oximetry Plus Cardiac Auscultation for Neonate Congenital Heart Disease Screening

Pulse Oximetry Plus Cardiac Auscultation for Neonate Congenital Heart Disease Screening

Pulse oximetry plus cardiac auscultation is a reliable method for neonatal congenital heart disease screening.

Hypertension-Related End Organ Damage Evident in Teenagers

Hypertension-Related End Organ Damage Evident in Teenagers

Some adolescents including those at normal or mid-risk level based on their systolic blood pressure, have target organ damage.

Brugada Syndrome in Child After Sudden Cardiac Arrest

Brugada Syndrome in Child After Sudden Cardiac Arrest

A 9-year-old child had a sudden cardiac arrest after eating a large bite of food.

CDC: Some Newborns Not Screened for Congenital Heart Disease

CDC: Some Newborns Not Screened for Congenital Heart Disease

Some newborns in the US are not being screened for congenital heart disease or hearing loss.

FDA Approves Bosentan for Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

FDA Approves Bosentan for Pediatric Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension

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Bosentan has been approved for use in pediatric pulmonary arterial hypertension in children aged 3 years or older.

AAP Clinical Practice Guideline: Managing Hypertension in Children

AAP Clinical Practice Guideline: Managing Hypertension in Children

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The American Academy of Pediatrics has released updated clinical practice guidelines for the diagnosis and management of hypertension in children.

Carotid Intima Media Thickness in Children May Be Linked to Socioeconomics

Carotid Intima Media Thickness in Children May Be Linked to Socioeconomics

Family socioeconomic position linked to maximum carotid intima-media thickness in mid-childhood.

Childhood Cardiovascular Risk Factors Linked to Midlife Cognitive Performance

Childhood Cardiovascular Risk Factors Linked to Midlife Cognitive Performance

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The cardiovascular risk factors of high systolic blood pressure, high serum total cholesterol, and smoking were independently associated with worse cognitive performance in midlife.

Lone Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Characteristics in Children

Lone Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Characteristics in Children

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Children aged 15-19 years appear to have the greatest risk of developing lone atrial fibrillation.

Kawasaki Disease: Updated AHA Guidelines

Kawasaki Disease: Updated AHA Guidelines

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The AHA's statement focused on the epidemiology, genetics, pathogenesis, and long-term outcomes of Kawasaki disease.

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