Interventional

Cardiac Catheterization Labs May Be More Efficient With Quality Improvement Initiative

Cardiac Catheterization Labs May Be More Efficient With Quality Improvement Initiative

A quality improvement intervention can reduce inefficiencies in the cardiac catheterization lab.

Patent Foramen Ovale May Increase Ischemic Stroke Risk Before Noncardiac Surgery

Patent Foramen Ovale May Increase Ischemic Stroke Risk Before Noncardiac Surgery

Preoperatively diagnosed patent foramen ovale is associated with increased risk for perioperative ischemic stroke in adults undergoing noncardiac surgery.

Patent Foramen Ovale Closure Does Not Reduce Migraine Headaches

Patent Foramen Ovale Closure Does Not Reduce Migraine Headaches

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Percutaneous closure of patent foramen ovale is not associated with a reduction in migraine headaches in patients with and without aura.

Post-CABG, PCI Medical Therapy Adherence

Post-CABG, PCI Medical Therapy Adherence

Compliance with guideline-directed medical therapy is low, but remains higher in PCI than in CABG.

TAVR, SAVR Mortality Risk Increased With Depression

TAVR, SAVR Mortality Risk Increased With Depression

The presence of depressive symptoms among older adults undergoing TAVR or SAVR increases the risk of mortality.

Distance From Cardiac Catheterization Center Affects Survival in ACS With Cardiogenic Shock

Distance From Cardiac Catheterization Center Affects Survival in ACS With Cardiogenic Shock

Distance from cardiac catheterization center independently predicts survival in ACS with cardiogenic shock.

A 35-Year-Old Pregnant Woman Presents With Progressive Dyspnea and Palpitations

A 35-Year-Old Pregnant Woman Presents With Progressive Dyspnea and Palpitations

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A 35-year-old pregnant woman presents to the emergency department with progressive dyspnea and palpitations that have worsened during the last 3 weeks.

Atrial Fibrillation With Heart Failure: Better Outcomes With Ablation

Atrial Fibrillation With Heart Failure: Better Outcomes With Ablation

Catheter ablation was associated with a significant reduction in a composite end point of death from any cause or hospitalization for worsening heart failure in patients with atrial fibrillation.

CABG Offers Better Long-Term Outcomes in Younger Adults With CAD

CABG Offers Better Long-Term Outcomes in Younger Adults With CAD

Percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with increased rates of adverse outcomes compared with CABG in patients with 3-vessel CAD.

Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: First-Ever Guidelines Released

Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: First-Ever Guidelines Released

Clinical practice guidelines for anticoagulation therapy for cardiopulmonary bypass have been developed.

Percutaneous patent foramen ovale closure is superior to medical treatment alone in preventing recurrent stroke

Patent foramen ovale (PFO) closure was superior to medical treatment alone in preventing transient ischemic attack and recurrent stroke. However, PFO closure also raised the risk for atrial fibrillation or atrial flutter in people with PFO and cryptogenic stroke.

Thrombectomy between 6 and 24 hours after acute stroke reduces disability: The DAWN trial

Thrombectomy performed between 6 and 24 hours after onset of acute stroke in patients with a mismatch between stroke symptoms and infarct volume results in better disability outcomes compared to standard care alone.

PCI With Incomplete Revascularization in Certain Vessels May Increase Mortality Risk

PCI With Incomplete Revascularization in Certain Vessels May Increase Mortality Risk

The risk of mortality is increased for certain patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with incomplete revascularization.

Survival in Aortic Stenosis May Be Predicted by LVEF

Survival in Aortic Stenosis May Be Predicted by LVEF

For patients with severe aortic stenosis, left ventricular ejection fraction <60% is associated with impaired survival.

Rheumatic Heart Disease Mortality in Valve Replacement Surgery

Rheumatic Heart Disease Mortality in Valve Replacement Surgery

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Thrombocytopenia at hospital admission may be an independent predictor for in-hospital mortality in patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery.

Preoperative Accelerometry May Supplement Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests

Preoperative Accelerometry May Supplement Cardiopulmonary Exercise Tests

Preoperative accelerometry can assess cardiopulmonary fitness in patients scheduled for major surgery.

Bleeding, Thromboembolic Events With Apixaban Interruption During Afib Ablation

Bleeding, Thromboembolic Events With Apixaban Interruption During Afib Ablation

Uninterrupted and minimally interrupted apixaban are associated with low rates of thromboembolic events in patients undergoing catheter ablation for nonvalvular afib.

Multivessel CAD With Diabetes: Choosing an Optimal Revascularization Strategy

Multivessel CAD With Diabetes: Choosing an Optimal Revascularization Strategy

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Patients with multivessel coronary artery disease and diabetes may benefit more from coronary artery bypass grafting surgery vs percutaneous coronary intervention.

Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Open vs Endovascular Repair

Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Open vs Endovascular Repair

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Endovascular strategy is associated with better survival rate and decreased hospital costs compared to open repair in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Post-Revascularization Readmission Trends for Peripheral Arterial Disease

Post-Revascularization Readmission Trends for Peripheral Arterial Disease

About 17.6% of patients with peripheral arterial disease are readmitted.

Carotid Artery Stenting Trends in Elderly Patients

Carotid Artery Stenting Trends in Elderly Patients

Despite safety concerns for patients 70 and older, the odds of carotid artery stenting have increased.

Patients With Prior PCI See Benefit From Perioperative Aspirin

Patients With Prior PCI See Benefit From Perioperative Aspirin

Perioperative aspirin seems to be beneficial for patients with prior PCI.

Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury: Sodium Bicarbonate vs Sodium Chloride

Contrast-Induced Acute Kidney Injury: Sodium Bicarbonate vs Sodium Chloride

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Intravenous sodium bicarbonate is not superior to intravenous sodium chloride for reducing acute kidney injury during angiography.

Cardiac Surgery: Restrictive vs Liberal Threshold for Red-Cell Transfusion

Cardiac Surgery: Restrictive vs Liberal Threshold for Red-Cell Transfusion

A restrictive threshold for red-cell transfusion is noninferior to a liberal threshold for patients undergoing cardiac surgery.

Necessity of PCI in Stable Coronary Artery Disease Questioned

Necessity of PCI in Stable Coronary Artery Disease Questioned

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No evidence shows efficacy of PCI procedures for patients with stable coronary artery disease with angina.

Exercise Time After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Angina

Exercise Time After Percutaneous Coronary Intervention for Angina

Percutaneous coronary intervention does not increase exercise time more than a placebo procedure in patients with angina and severe coronary stenosis.

Genotype-Guided Antiplatelet Therapy Post-PCI May Be Beneficial

Genotype-Guided Antiplatelet Therapy Post-PCI May Be Beneficial

Alternative antiplatelet therapy after percutaneous coronary intervention in patients with a CYP2C19 loss-of-function allele may have lower risk of MACE compared to clopidogrel.

Culprit Lesion PCI Superior to Immediate Multivessel PCI in CAD

Culprit Lesion PCI Superior to Immediate Multivessel PCI in CAD

Percutaneous coronary intervention of the culprit lesion is associated with better 30-day outcomes than immediate multivessel PCI in patients with patients with multivessel CAD and acute MI.

Target Vessel Thrombosis in BVS vs Everolimus-Eluting Stents

Target Vessel Thrombosis in BVS vs Everolimus-Eluting Stents

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Patients who received bioresorbable vascular scaffolds had higher rates of device thrombosis and target vessel MI compared with those who received everolimus-eluting stents.

Vessel Sizing Optimization in BVS Implantation

Vessel Sizing Optimization in BVS Implantation

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Researchers analyzed 3-year outcomes in patients implanted with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds for the treatment of coronary lesions.

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