HealthDay News — Consumption of sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) is associated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD)-related, coronary heart disease (CHD)-related, and all-cause mortality, according to a study presented at the American Heart Association’s Epidemiology and Prevention/Lifestyle and Cardiometabolic Health 2018 Scientific Sessions, held from March 20 to 23 in New Orleans.
Lindsay Collin, M.P.H., from Emory University in Atlanta, and colleagues examined the impact of non-milk sugars on CVD-related and all-cause mortality using data from the Reasons for Geographic and Racial Differences in Stroke study. Added sugar from beverages and foods were estimated using self-administered Block 98 food frequency questionnaires for a final population of 17,930 individuals.
The researchers found that in a model adjusted for sociodemographic and behavioral risk factors, the hazard ratios for CVD-related, CHD-related, and all-cause mortality were increased. After adjustment for additional mediators, including total energy intake, body mass index, hypertension, and dyslipidemia, these results were attenuated but remained significant (hazard ratios, 1.7, 2.5, and 1.27 for CVD-related, CHD-related, and all-cause mortality, respectively) when comparing the highest versus the lowest quartile of SSB consumption. No increased risk was seen with sugar-sweetened foods.
“If health care providers don’t ask patients about lifestyle practices linked to obesity and chronic disease, patients tend to think they’re not important,” a coauthor said in a statement. “Simply asking patients about their sugary beverage consumption is valuable.”