HealthDay News – For patients undergoing cardiac surgery, preoperative constipation patterns are associated with postoperative constipation patterns, according to a study published online July 12 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.

Emine Iyigun, RN, PhD, from the Gulhane Military Medical Academy in Turkey, and colleagues conducted a descriptive study in 102 patients who underwent cardiac surgery. The authors examined the impact of preoperative defecation patterns on postoperative defecation patterns.

They found that 37.2% of the patients who were constipated prior to surgery had higher constipation severity instrument scores than those who were not constipated. Overall, 39.2% of patients developed constipation after surgery, and 80% of these patients were constipated preoperatively. A significant correlation was identified between preoperative and postoperative defecation patterns (r=0.71; P<.001).

“Preoperative defecation pattern is a determining factor for the development of postoperative constipation for patients undergoing cardiac surgery,” the authors wrote.


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Reference

Iyigun E, Ayhan H, Demircapar A, Tastan S. Impact of preoperative defecation pattern postoperative constipation for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. J Clin Nurs. 2016. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13473.