HealthDay News – For patients undergoing cardiac surgery, preoperative constipation patterns are associated with postoperative constipation patterns, according to a study published online July 12 in the Journal of Clinical Nursing.
Emine Iyigun, RN, PhD, from the Gulhane Military Medical Academy in Turkey, and colleagues conducted a descriptive study in 102 patients who underwent cardiac surgery. The authors examined the impact of preoperative defecation patterns on postoperative defecation patterns.
They found that 37.2% of the patients who were constipated prior to surgery had higher constipation severity instrument scores than those who were not constipated. Overall, 39.2% of patients developed constipation after surgery, and 80% of these patients were constipated preoperatively. A significant correlation was identified between preoperative and postoperative defecation patterns (r=0.71; P<.001).
“Preoperative defecation pattern is a determining factor for the development of postoperative constipation for patients undergoing cardiac surgery,” the authors wrote.
Iyigun E, Ayhan H, Demircapar A, Tastan S. Impact of preoperative defecation pattern postoperative constipation for patients undergoing cardiac surgery. J Clin Nurs. 2016. doi: 10.1111/jocn.13473.