CDC: Some Newborns Not Screened for Congenital Heart Disease

HealthDay News — Some newborns in the United States still are not getting screened for hearing loss or congenital heart disease, according to research published in the US Centers for Disease Control and Prevention’s Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report.

An estimated 875 US newborns go home each year with congenital heart disease because they did not undergo screening with pulse oximetry, according to an agency news release. For every 200 babies born with congenital heart disease, the life of at least one infant could be saved if all newborns were screened at hospitals for the condition.

Researchers also estimate that almost 2 in every 1000 babies have permanent hearing loss, putting them at risk for delayed development. Intervention before the age of 6 months is thought to be an important tool to help the infants develop language skills later in life. 

The CDC points to federally funded Early Hearing Detection and Intervention programs that support “1-3-6” screening guidelines for infants: Test them for hearing loss before they are 1 month old, diagnose them before the age of 3 months, and get them into an intervention before they are 6 months old.

Newborn screening at birth is crucial to quickly identify infants at risk of hearing loss and congenital heart disease so they can receive early intervention and follow-up care,” Brenda Fitzgerald, MD, director of the CDC, said in the news release. “Finding these conditions early can give infants the best chance to properly develop, and lead healthy lives.”

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Grosse SD, Riehle-Colarusso T, Gaffney M, et al. CDC grand rounds: newborn screening for hearing loss and critical congenital heart disease. MMWR Morb Mortal Wkly Rep 2017;66:888–890.