HealthDay News – Acute myocardial infarction (MI) survivors with higher levels of education are less likely to develop heart failure, according to a study published online July 20 in the European Journal of Preventive Cardiology.
The study included 70 506 patients in Norway, aged 35 to 85 years. All had been hospitalized for incident acute MI between 2001 and 2009. None had a history of heart failure at the start of the study. By the end of 2009, 17.7% of patients had been diagnosed with early-onset heart failure.
Compared to patients with only 10 years of schooling, the risk of heart failure was 9% lower among those with high school or vocational school diplomas. For those who’d completed college or university, the risk of developing heart failure was 20% lower. Another 11.8% of patients were diagnosed with late-onset heart failure.
Compared to patients with 10 years of schooling, the risk was 14% lower among those with high school or vocational school diplomas. For those who completed university or college, the risk of late-onset heart failure was 27% lower.
When researchers focused on patients who underwent myocardial revascularization after acute MI, the risk of heart failure was 16% lower among those with high school or vocational school diplomas, and 33% lower among those who’d completed college or university, compared to those with only 10 years of schooling. The link between higher levels of education and lower risk of heart failure was similar in men and women, researchers found.
Sulo G, Nygard O, Vollset SE, et al. Higher education is associated with reduced risk of heart failure among patients with acute myocardial infarction: a nationwide analysis using data from the CVDNOR project. Eur J Prev Cardiol. 2016. doi: 10.1177/2047487316655910.