HealthDay News — Pictorial presentation of silent atherosclerosis contributes to the prevention of cardiovascular disease, according to a study published online Dec. 3 in The Lancet.

Ulf Näslund, Ph.D., from the Umeå University in Sweden, and colleagues examined whether ultrasound-based pictorial information about subclinical carotid atherosclerosis improves prevention in an open-label, randomized trial. Individuals aged 40, 50, or 60 years with one or more conventional risk factors were eligible; participants were randomly assigned to either an intervention group (pictorial representation of carotid ultrasound plus phone call to confirm understanding; 1,749 participants) or a control group (1,783 participants).

The researchers found that the Framingham risk score (FRS) and European systematic coronary risk evaluation (SCORE) differed significantly between the groups at one-year follow-up (FRS, 1.07; SCORE, 0.16). From baseline to the one-year follow-up, the FRS decreased in the intervention group and increased in the control group (−0.58 and 0.35, respectively). In both groups, the SCORE increased (0.13 and 0.27, respectively).

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“Our study supports further attempts to solve the major problem of prevention failure because of low adherence, despite effective, cost-effective, and evidence-based medications and methods for a healthier lifestyle,” the authors write.

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