General Cardiology

Stethoscope Cleaning Standards May Only Partially Eliminate Bacterial Contamination

Stethoscope Cleaning Standards May Only Partially Eliminate Bacterial Contamination

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In-hospital stethoscope cleaning practices may only be partially effective at eliminating bacterial DNA.

Percutaneous Transcatheter Occlusion Device Approved for PDA Closure

Percutaneous Transcatheter Occlusion Device Approved for PDA Closure

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The pea-sized device is a self-expanding wire mesh that is inserted through an incision in the leg and guided through vessels to the heart, where it is placed to seal the opening.

Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

Flu Vaccination Safe for Hospitalized Patients

Influenza vaccination during hospitalization is associated with reduced risk for readmission, outpatient visits, fever, and clinical evaluations for infection postdischarge.

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High Fiber Intake Tied to Lower Risk for Noncommunicable Disease

High intake of fiber is associated with a reduced risk for several noncommunicable diseases.

Intracoronary Nicardipine Effectively Reverses Spontaneous Coronary Slow-Flow

Intracoronary Nicardipine Effectively Reverses Spontaneous Coronary Slow-Flow

Intracoronary administration of nicardipine seems to be highly effective in reversing spontaneous coronary slow-flow.

Close Correlation Between Thienopyridine Responsiveness, Benefit From PFO Closure in Migraine

Close Correlation Between Thienopyridine Responsiveness, Benefit From PFO Closure in Migraine

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Investigators reviewed past studies to find evidence that P2Y12 inhibitors effectively improve migraine headache symptoms.

Ulnar Artery Occlusion: A Vasculopathy Severity Marker in Scleroderma

Ulnar Artery Occlusion: A Vasculopathy Severity Marker in Scleroderma

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Ulnar artery occlusion may function as a relevant marker of vasculopathy severity in systematic sclerosis.

Women With CVD Have Worse Self-Reported Outcomes

Women With CVD Have Worse Self-Reported Outcomes

Compared with men, women with ASCVD are more likely to report poorer patient experience, lower health-related quality of life, and poorer perception of their health.

Societies Publish Appropriate Use Criteria for Multimodality Imaging in Nonvalvular Heart Disease

Societies Publish Appropriate Use Criteria for Multimodality Imaging in Nonvalvular Heart Disease

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Updated appropriate use criteria addresses the use of multimodality imaging for evaluation of cardiac structure and function in nonvalvular heart disease.

Population Health Data May Help Clinicians Identify Patients at Risk for CVD

Population Health Data May Help Clinicians Identify Patients at Risk for CVD

Population-level data can help medical practitioners use electronic health records to identify patients at risk for cardiovascular disease.

Trends in Endocarditis Incidence After Implementation of 2007 AHA Recommendations

Trends in Endocarditis Incidence After Implementation of 2007 AHA Recommendations

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The 2007 AHA recommendation for antibiotic prophylaxis for only patients at high risk for infective endocarditis may result in increased incidence of the infection.

Parity May Be Related to Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women

Parity May Be Related to Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Women

Parity is associated with cardiovascular disease risk, with a nonlinear J-shaped dose-response relationship observed.

Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke Due to Atherosclerosis vs Dissection Compared

Outcomes After Ischemic Stroke Due to Atherosclerosis vs Dissection Compared

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Results indicate that recurrent vascular event rate and changes in vascular status were different between patients with intracranial arterial dissection and those with intracranial atherosclerotic stenosis.

Risk of Arterial Thromboembolic Events Increased Prior to Cancer Diagnosis

Risk of Arterial Thromboembolic Events Increased Prior to Cancer Diagnosis

In older adults, the risk of arterial thromboembolic events begins to increase 150 days before the date of cancer diagnosis and peaks 30 days before.

Occupational Exposure to Metals, Pesticides Tied to CVD in Hispanics

Occupational Exposure to Metals, Pesticides Tied to CVD in Hispanics

Occupational exposures to pesticides and metals are associated with an increased prevalence of CVD among Hispanics/Latinos.

 FDA: Fluoroquinolones Linked With Aortic Dissections, Aneurysms

FDA: Fluoroquinolones Linked With Aortic Dissections, Aneurysms

Patients taking fluoroquinolones may be at higher risk for ruptures or tears in the aorta, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration warns.

2010 to 2014 Saw Increase in Anemia After Hospitalization

2010 to 2014 Saw Increase in Anemia After Hospitalization

Moderate anemia after hospitalization increased from 2010 to 2014 in parallel with reduced red blood cell (RBC) transfusion.

Cognitive Decline Similar After Heart Surgery, Cardiac Catheterization

Cognitive Decline Similar After Heart Surgery, Cardiac Catheterization

For older adults, declines in memory after heart surgery and cardiac catheterization are similar.

Stethoscopes in ICU Show High Levels of Bacterial Contamination

Stethoscopes in ICU Show High Levels of Bacterial Contamination

Stethoscopes in the intensive care unit (ICU) have high levels of bacterial contamination.

Systemic Vascular Health Associated With Widespread Brain Changes

Systemic Vascular Health Associated With Widespread Brain Changes

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Systemic vascular health measured as a composite of recent cardiovascular and metabolic chronic conditions was associated with medial temporal lobe thinning, widespread cerebral hypoperfusion, and poor microstructural integrity.

Pregnancy Loss Associated With Increased CHD and Heart Failure Risk

Pregnancy Loss Associated With Increased CHD and Heart Failure Risk

Both pregnancy losses and a history of at least five live births are associated with an increased risk for cardiovascular disease.

Ezetimibe Plus Statins Modestly Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Event Risk

Ezetimibe Plus Statins Modestly Reduce Cardiovascular Disease Event Risk

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Ezetimibe combined with statin therapy showed modest or moderate benefits in reducing major CVD event risk.

Short Duration Resistance Training Performed Weekly Tied to Lower CVD Risk

Short Duration Resistance Training Performed Weekly Tied to Lower CVD Risk

Less than an hour a week of resistance exercise is associated with decreased risks for CVD-related events and all-cause mortality, independent of aerobic exercise.

Smartphone App Uses Fingernail Bed Images to Detect Anemia

Smartphone App Uses Fingernail Bed Images to Detect Anemia

An app that detects color and metadata from fingernails can identify hemoglobin levels in the blood.

Metabolically Healthy Obese Children at Higher Risk for CVD

Metabolically Healthy Obese Children at Higher Risk for CVD

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Children and adolescents with metabolically healthy obesity had higher carotid intima-media thickness compared with metabolically healthy individuals who were a normal weight.

First-in-Human Telerobotic Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Successful

First-in-Human Telerobotic Percutaneous Coronary Intervention Successful

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The first telerobotic percutaneous coronary intervention was conducted using CorPath telerobotic technology.

Neuropsychological Deficits Common in Pediatric Survivors of Cardiac Arrest

Neuropsychological Deficits Common in Pediatric Survivors of Cardiac Arrest

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Investigators examined neuropsychological outcomes of children who survived pediatric cardiac arrest.

Predictors of Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair Quality of Life Outcomes

Predictors of Transcatheter Mitral Valve Repair Quality of Life Outcomes

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Having atrial fibrillation, using home oxygen, having severe lung disease, or having a permanent pacemaker were predictive of lower health status after transcatheter mitral valve repair.

Plasma Acylcarnitines May Indicate Diabetes Risk Among Those at High Risk for CVD

Plasma Acylcarnitines May Indicate Diabetes Risk Among Those at High Risk for CVD

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Among individuals at a high risk for cardiovascular disease, a panel of short- and long-chain acylcarnitines was significantly associated with the incidence of type 2 diabetes.

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