HealthDay News — Higher intake of both unprocessed red meat and processed meat is associated with ischemic heart disease (IHD), according to a review published online July 20 in Critical Reviews in Food Science and Nutrition.

Keren Papier, Ph.D., from the University of Oxford in the United Kingdom, and colleagues conducted a systematic literature search to assess the relationship of unprocessed red meat, processed meat, and poultry intake with the risk for IHD.

Based on 13 published articles (total 1,427,989 participants; 32,630 IHD cases), the researchers found that higher consumption of unprocessed red meat was associated with a higher risk for IHD (relative risk per 50 g/day higher intake, 1.09; 12 studies), as was higher consumption of processed meat (relative risk, 1.18; 10 studies). Poultry intake was not associated with IHD (10 studies).


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“In conclusion, this large meta-analysis of meat intake and IHD risk shows that unprocessed red and processed meat might be risk factors for IHD,” the authors write. “This supports public health recommendations to reduce the consumption of unprocessed red and processed meat intake for the prevention of IHD.”

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