HealthDay News — From 1990 to 2019, there was an increase in the burden of cardiovascular disease (CVD) globally, according to a study published online Dec. 9 in the Journal of the American College of Cardiology.
Gregory A. Roth, M.D., M.P.H., from the University of Washington in Seattle, and colleagues used data from the Global Burden of Disease Study 2019 to examine the incidence, prevalence, case fatality, mortality, and health risks associated with CVD for 204 countries and territories from 1990 to 2019.
The researchers found that prevalent cases of total CVD increased from 271 million in 1990 to 523 million in 2019, and the number of CVD deaths increased from 12.1 to 18.6 million, respectively. Significant increases were also seen in global trends for disability-adjusted life years (DALYs) and years of life lost; years lived with disability increased from 17.7 million to 34.4 million. From 1990, there was a steady increase in the total number of DALYs due to ischemic heart disease, reaching 182 million DALYs, 9.14 million deaths, and 197 million prevalent cases in 2019. For stroke, the total number of DALYs increased steadily from 1990, reaching 143 million DALYs, 6.55 million deaths, and 101 million prevalent cases of stroke in 2019.
“Renewed focus is needed now on affordable, widely available, and proven-effective implementation strategies for the prevention, treatment and control of CVD and risk factors, and the promotion of ideal cardiovascular health beginning in childhood,” a coauthor said in a statement.
Several authors disclosed financial ties to the pharmaceutical and medical technology industries.