Indications for Moexipril/Hydrochlorothiazide:
Hypertension (not for initial therapy).
Take 1 hour before a meal. Switching from monotherapy with either component: 1 tab once daily, then adjust; usual max 30mg/50mg per day. Allow 2–3 weeks for titration of HCTZ component. Or, substitute for individually-titrated components.
History of ACEI-associated angioedema. Anuria. Sulfonamide allergy. Concomitant aliskiren in patients with diabetes.
Fetal toxicity may develop; discontinue if pregnancy is detected. Renal impairment (CrCl ≤40mL/min): not recommended. Discontinue if angioedema, laryngeal edema, jaundice, or marked elevation of hepatic enzymes occurs. Renal or hepatic dysfunction. Salt/volume depletion. CHF. Ischemic heart disease. Aortic or renal artery stenosis. Cerebrovascular disease. Dialysis (esp. high-flux membrane). Surgery. Diabetes. Gout. Asthma. Postsympathectomy. Monitor WBC counts in renal or collagen vascular disease. SLE. Acute myopia and secondary angle-closure glaucoma. Monitor electrolytes and renal function. Elderly. Neonates. Pregnancy (Cat.D); monitor. Nursing mothers: not recommended.
ACE inhibitor + diuretic.
See Contraindications. Dual inhibition of the renin-angiotensin system with ARBs, ACEIs, or aliskiren may increase risk of hypotension, hyperkalemia, renal function changes; monitor closely. Concomitant aliskiren in renal impairment (CrCl <60mL/min): not recommended. May cause hyperkalemia with K+ sparing diuretics, K+ supplements, or K+ containing salt substitutes. Hypokalemia with corticosteroids, ACTH, amphotericin B. May increase lithium, digitalis, diazoxide toxicity. Alcohol, CNS depressants may increase orthostatic hypotension. Adjust antidiabetic, antigout medications. Potentiates nondepolarizing muscle relaxants. Antagonizes norepinephrine. May be antagonized by, and renal toxicity potentiated by NSAIDs (including COX-2 inhibitors): monitor renal function in elderly and/or volume-depleted. May interfere with parathyroid tests. Reduced absorption with cholestyramine and colestipol resins. Nitritoid reactions with concomitant injectable gold (eg, sodium aurothiomalate); rare.
Cough, dizziness, fatigue, headache, hyperuricemia, electrolyte disturbances, hyperglycemia, rash, facial flushing, GI upset, angioedema (eg, intestinal), orthostatic hypotension, neutropenia; rare: hepatic failure.
Formerly known under the brand name Uniretic.