Coronary Heart Disease

High-Risk <i>APOL1</i> Not Tied to CHD, Stroke in Postmenopausal Black Women

High-Risk APOL1 Not Tied to CHD, Stroke in Postmenopausal Black Women

High-risk APOL1 genotype was linked to HFpEF hospitalization in postmenopausal black women.

Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

Marriage May Protect Against Cardiovascular Disease

An association was seen between marital status and risk and prognosis of coronary heart disease or stroke.

Outcomes of Treatment Strategies in T2D, Stable CAD According to Angina Severity

Outcomes of Treatment Strategies in T2D, Stable CAD According to Angina Severity

Investigators demonstrated that angina severity at baseline should be a less important aspect of the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.

Cardiovascular Events Independently Predicted by Erectile Dysfunction

Cardiovascular Events Independently Predicted by Erectile Dysfunction

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Significantly more coronary heart and cardiovascular disease hard events occurred in individuals with erectile dysfunction vs those without.

Carotid Intima Media Thickness Not Reduced With Levothyroxine in Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Carotid Intima Media Thickness Not Reduced With Levothyroxine in Subclinical Hypothyroidism

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Treatment with levothyroxine to normalize thyroid-stimulating hormone did not significantly reduce carotid intima media thickness in elderly patients with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Personalized Goals, Cash Motivated Exercise in Ischemic Heart Disease

Personalized Goals, Cash Motivated Exercise in Ischemic Heart Disease

Loss-framed financial incentives with personalized goal setting helped increase daily step counts in patients with ischemic heart disease.

 USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

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The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.

CAD Testing, Treatment Changes After Malpractice Damage Caps

CAD Testing, Treatment Changes After Malpractice Damage Caps

There was a decrease in invasive testing as first diagnostic test and fewer patients were referred for angiography after stress test.

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

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Alcohol consumption may be inversely related to nonfatal CHD risk but positively correlated with risks for other stroke subtypes.

HBV Infection May Not Be Associated With Increased Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

HBV Infection May Not Be Associated With Increased Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

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Researchers conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the relationship between HBV and the risk for coronary heart disease.

Atherosclerotic CVD Mortality Higher in South Asians in the United States

Atherosclerotic CVD Mortality Higher in South Asians in the United States

Most of the increased risk for mortality in South Asians with ASCVD can be attributed to increased prevalence of known risk factors.

Morbidity in Pregnancy Common for Women With Heart Disease

Morbidity in Pregnancy Common for Women With Heart Disease

Ten predictors of maternal cardiac complications were identified and incorporated into a new risk index.

Daily Egg Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD Risk

Daily Egg Consumption Linked to Reduced CVD Risk

Reduced risk seen for ischemic heart disease, major coronary events, and stroke in Chinese adults.

Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Often Attributed to Sudden, Arrhythmic Death

Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Often Attributed to Sudden, Arrhythmic Death

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In patients with coronary heart disease and a history of myocardial infarction, many sudden, arrhythmic deaths had a clinical history of angina.

Researchers Explore Nanofibers to Target, Treat Atherosclerosis

Researchers Explore Nanofibers to Target, Treat Atherosclerosis

Study showed 11% and 9% plaque reduction in treated male and female mice compared with controls.

High Incidence of Sudden and/or Arrhythmic Death in CHD

High Incidence of Sudden and/or Arrhythmic Death in CHD

In patients with coronary heart disease without severe systolic dysfunction, sudden and/or arrhythmic deaths account for a considerable proportion of deaths.

Increased Risk for Mortality in People With Diabetes, CHD Taking Beta-Blockers

Increased Risk for Mortality in People With Diabetes, CHD Taking Beta-Blockers

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Further studies are needed to assess whether beta-blockers are effective in reducing mortality and coronary events in patients with diabetes receiving optimal medical treatment.

Noninvasive CAD Screening May Reduce Cardiac Events in Individuals With Asymptomatic Diabetes

Noninvasive CAD Screening May Reduce Cardiac Events in Individuals With Asymptomatic Diabetes

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Compared with standard care, noninvasive coronary artery disease screening reduced cardiac events by 27% in individuals with asymptomatic diabetes. Results justify larger, appropriately powered trials to potentially revisit current recommendations.

Eating Veggies Found to Protect Against Atherosclerosis in Women

Eating Veggies Found to Protect Against Atherosclerosis in Women

Broccoli, cauliflower, cabbage, and brussels sprouts were most beneficial in terms of preventing subclinical atherosclerosis.

Coffee Consumption Cuts Coronary Artery Calcification

Coffee Consumption Cuts Coronary Artery Calcification

Odds of coronary calcification significantly lowered for never smokers who drank more than 3 cups per day.

Heart Disease, Stroke Less Prevalent in Foreign-Born Adults

Heart Disease, Stroke Less Prevalent in Foreign-Born Adults

Foreign-born US residents have lower prevalence of heart disease and stroke than US-born adults.

Coronary Heart Disease Survival Linked to Physical Activity

Coronary Heart Disease Survival Linked to Physical Activity

Physical activity may improve survival in coronary heart disease.

Coronary Heart Disease Risk Linked to Higher FGF23 Levels

Coronary Heart Disease Risk Linked to Higher FGF23 Levels

After adjustment for established coronary heart disease risk factors and kidney function, higher fibroblast growth factor 23 concentrations were correlated with an increased risk for coronary heart disease.

Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetes: Disease Extent Similar in Women, Men

Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetes: Disease Extent Similar in Women, Men

Both men and women with type 1 diabetes had similar extent of coronary artery disease when admitted for coronary angiography.

Safety, Effectiveness of Drug-Eluting Stents in Left Main CAD

Safety, Effectiveness of Drug-Eluting Stents in Left Main CAD

There were no significant differences for the observed 3-year rates of target vessel failure for different types of drug-eluting stents in patients with left main coronary artery disease.

Acute MI With Diabetes Mortality Predicted by Acute-to-Chronic Glycemic Ratio

Acute MI With Diabetes Mortality Predicted by Acute-to-Chronic Glycemic Ratio

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In patients with diabetes who had an acute myocardial infarction, the acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio was a better predictor of mortality compared with baseline glycemia levels.

CHD, MI Risk Predicted in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Biomarker Score

CHD, MI Risk Predicted in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Biomarker Score

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Myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease may be predicted by multibiomarker disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

CVD Risk Attenuated With Greater Cardiorespiratory Fitness

CVD Risk Attenuated With Greater Cardiorespiratory Fitness

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Increasing coronary artery calcium correlated with increased CVD events, whereas increasing cardiorespiratory fitness tended to correlate with decreased CVD events.

Coronary Heart Disease Risk With Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements

Coronary Heart Disease Risk With Omega-3 Fatty Acid Supplements

Supplementation with omega-3 fatty acids is not associated with fatal or nonfatal coronary heart disease or major vascular events.

CABG Offers Better Long-Term Outcomes in Younger Adults With CAD

CABG Offers Better Long-Term Outcomes in Younger Adults With CAD

Percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with increased rates of adverse outcomes compared with CABG in patients with 3-vessel CAD.

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