Coronary Heart Disease

Aortic Vascular Inflammation Associated With CAD in Psoriasis

Aortic Vascular Inflammation Associated With CAD in Psoriasis

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Aortic vascular inflammation is a potential precursor to early coronary artery disease in patients with psoriasis.

Greater CAD Incidence, Heart Mass in Firefighter Cardiac Arrests

Greater CAD Incidence, Heart Mass in Firefighter Cardiac Arrests

Predictors of cardiac death included heart weight >450 g, coronary artery stenosis, and prior MI.

Relationship Between HbA1c and Coronary Artery Disease

Relationship Between HbA1c and Coronary Artery Disease

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Investigators examined the relationship between HbA1c with cardiovascular disease and it's subtypes.

No Impact on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness Following Cessation of Menopausal Hormone Therapy

No Impact on Carotid Artery Intima-Media Thickness Following Cessation of Menopausal Hormone Therapy

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A follow-up study from KEEPS found that cessation of menopausal hormone therapy did not change the expected trajectory of carotid artery intima-media thickness over a 3-year period.

Chronic Total Occlusions on CCTA Increase Major Adverse Cardiac Event Risk

Chronic Total Occlusions on CCTA Increase Major Adverse Cardiac Event Risk

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A significantly higher rate of adverse cardiac events was observed in chronic total occlusions compared with moderate to severe coronary artery disease.

SYNTAX Score II Predicts Mortality in 1- and 2-Vessel Disease

SYNTAX Score II Predicts Mortality in 1- and 2-Vessel Disease

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The SYNTAX score II was an independent predictor of mortality in patients with 1- and 2-vessel disease undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention.

Outcomes of Treatment Strategies in T2D, Stable CAD According to Angina Severity

Outcomes of Treatment Strategies in T2D, Stable CAD According to Angina Severity

Investigators demonstrated that angina severity at baseline should be a less important aspect of the diagnostic and therapeutic algorithm.

Carotid Intima Media Thickness Not Reduced With Levothyroxine in Subclinical Hypothyroidism

Carotid Intima Media Thickness Not Reduced With Levothyroxine in Subclinical Hypothyroidism

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Treatment with levothyroxine to normalize thyroid-stimulating hormone did not significantly reduce carotid intima media thickness in elderly patients with subclinical hypothyroidism.

Personalized Goals, Cash Motivated Exercise in Ischemic Heart Disease

Personalized Goals, Cash Motivated Exercise in Ischemic Heart Disease

Loss-framed financial incentives with personalized goal setting helped increase daily step counts in patients with ischemic heart disease.

CAD Testing, Treatment Changes After Malpractice Damage Caps

CAD Testing, Treatment Changes After Malpractice Damage Caps

There was a decrease in invasive testing as first diagnostic test and fewer patients were referred for angiography after stress test.

Noninvasive CAD Screening May Reduce Cardiac Events in Individuals With Asymptomatic Diabetes

Noninvasive CAD Screening May Reduce Cardiac Events in Individuals With Asymptomatic Diabetes

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Compared with standard care, noninvasive coronary artery disease screening reduced cardiac events by 27% in individuals with asymptomatic diabetes. Results justify larger, appropriately powered trials to potentially revisit current recommendations.

Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetes: Disease Extent Similar in Women, Men

Coronary Artery Disease in Diabetes: Disease Extent Similar in Women, Men

Both men and women with type 1 diabetes had similar extent of coronary artery disease when admitted for coronary angiography.

Safety, Effectiveness of Drug-Eluting Stents in Left Main CAD

Safety, Effectiveness of Drug-Eluting Stents in Left Main CAD

There were no significant differences for the observed 3-year rates of target vessel failure for different types of drug-eluting stents in patients with left main coronary artery disease.

CABG Offers Better Long-Term Outcomes in Younger Adults With CAD

CABG Offers Better Long-Term Outcomes in Younger Adults With CAD

Percutaneous coronary intervention is associated with increased rates of adverse outcomes compared with CABG in patients with 3-vessel CAD.

High-Risk Coronary Plaque Detection by CTA in Chest Pain May Predict MACE

High-Risk Coronary Plaque Detection by CTA in Chest Pain May Predict MACE

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Patients with stable chest pain who have high-risk plaque as identified by coronary computed tomographic angiography may have a higher risk for MACE.

PCI With Incomplete Revascularization in Certain Vessels May Increase Mortality Risk

PCI With Incomplete Revascularization in Certain Vessels May Increase Mortality Risk

The risk of mortality is increased for certain patients undergoing percutaneous coronary intervention with incomplete revascularization.

Wider Statin Use May Prevent More Atherosclerotic CVD Events

Wider Statin Use May Prevent More Atherosclerotic CVD Events

Guidelines that recommend statins for more people for primary prevention of atherosclerosis are likely to prevent more ASCVD events than guidelines that recommend fewer people take statins.

Necessity of PCI in Stable Coronary Artery Disease Questioned

Necessity of PCI in Stable Coronary Artery Disease Questioned

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No evidence shows efficacy of PCI procedures for patients with stable coronary artery disease with angina.

PCI and CABG Provide Similar Intermediate-Term Outcomes in Left Main CAD

PCI and CABG Provide Similar Intermediate-Term Outcomes in Left Main CAD

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A substudy analyzed whether PCI outcomes using second generation drug eluting stents were comparable to CABG in patients with low or intermediated complexity left main coronary artery disease.

Reduced Forced Vital Capacity May Be Useful for Risk Assessment of Arterial Stiffness

Reduced Forced Vital Capacity May Be Useful for Risk Assessment of Arterial Stiffness

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Restrictive spirometry pattern and reduced forced vital capacity level are associated with increased risk of arterial stiffness.

Coronary Artery Calcium Useful in Predicting Cardiovascular Risk in COPD

Coronary Artery Calcium Useful in Predicting Cardiovascular Risk in COPD

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Coronary artery calcium may be the best noninvasive risk marker for predicting a major cardiovascular event in patients with COPD.

Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Decreased in Obstructive Sleep Apnea After CPAP

Carotid Intima-Media Thickness Decreased in Obstructive Sleep Apnea After CPAP

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Patients with severe obstructive sleep apnea may experience a decrease in carotid intima-media thickness with continuous positive airway pressure therapy.

CCTA Associated With Decreased MI Incidence in Suspected Coronary Artery Disease

CCTA Associated With Decreased MI Incidence in Suspected Coronary Artery Disease

For patients with CAD, CCTA is associated with reduced incidence of myocardial infarction but no reduction in death or hospitalization.

Arterial Stiffness May Be Linked to E-Cigarettes With Nicotine Exposure

Arterial Stiffness May Be Linked to E-Cigarettes With Nicotine Exposure

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E-cigarettes with nicotine may be linked to arterial stiffening, which can increase the risk for heart attack and stroke.

Positron Emission Tomography Offers Diagnostic Value in Myocardial Ischemia

Positron Emission Tomography Offers Diagnostic Value in Myocardial Ischemia

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When compared with other imaging modalities, positron emission tomography offers the greatest diagnostic accuracy for coronary artery disease.

ESC and EACTS Provide New Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Guidelines in Coronary Heart Disease

ESC and EACTS Provide New Dual Antiplatelet Therapy Guidelines in Coronary Heart Disease

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The European Society of Cardiology and European Association for Cardio-Thoracic Surgery have released a focused update on dual antiplatelet therapy use in coronary heart disease.

Acute Pancreatitis Linked to Diuretic in Coronary Artery Disease

Acute Pancreatitis Linked to Diuretic in Coronary Artery Disease

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Furosemide-induced acute pancreatitis can occur several hours to up to 7 weeks after starting treatment.

CVD in Rheumatoid Arthritis: How Can We Improve Diagnosis?

CVD in Rheumatoid Arthritis: How Can We Improve Diagnosis?

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Patients with rheumatoid arthritis have a significantly higher risk for cardiovascular disease, increasing their risk for morbidity and mortality.

Independent Predictors of Silent Coronary Artery Disease in Asymptomatic Diabetes

Independent Predictors of Silent Coronary Artery Disease in Asymptomatic Diabetes

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Smoking, duration of diabetes, and male sex were among several independent predictors of silent coronary artery disease in patients with asymptomatic diabetes.

Risk Stratification Using Platelet Aggregation in Stable CAD

Risk Stratification Using Platelet Aggregation in Stable CAD

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Platelet aggregation levels did not predict cardiovascular events in patients with stable coronary artery disease.

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