Susan Goodman

All articles by Susan Goodman

Ankylosing Spondylitis

Does this patient have ankylosing spondylitis? Ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is prototype axial spondyloarthropathy (SpA); historically the diagnosis requires the presence of radiographic spinal damage which evolves over years. Patients present with inflammatory low back pain long before they demonstrate characteristic radiographic changes of sacroiliitis, and findings of syndesmophyte formation may take more than 10 years…

Sjogren's Syndrome

Does this patient have Sjogren's syndrome? Sjogren’s syndrome (SS) is a chronic inflammatory disorder characterized by dry eyes and dry mouth, driven by pathogenic autoantibodies that target exocrine glands, such as the lacrimal and salivary glands. It can exist on its own (primary SS) or in conjunction with other autoimmune disorders such as rheumatoid arthritis,…

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