Roger A. Freedman

All articles by Roger A. Freedman

Modes of cardiac pacing: Nomenclature, Selection and Indications for permanent cardiac pacing

General description of procedure, equipment, technique The artificial pacemaker is a medical device that is surgically implanted, most commonly in the subcutaneous tissues overlying the prepectoral fascia in the upper chest. The pacemaker uses electrical impulses to stimulate myocardial contraction. The vast majority of pacemakers (>98%) are implanted due to a patient’s inability to maintain…

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