Maria Rosa Costanzo

All articles by Maria Rosa Costanzo

Cardiorenal syndrome in heart failure patients

I. Cardiorenal Syndrome: What every physician needs to know. The term cardiorenal syndrome (CRS) refers to a condition in which either renal impairment occurs as a result of cardiac dysfunction, or heart structure and function are negatively affected by renal disorders. The damage/dysfunction can be produced in either the heart or the kidney by an…

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