Lubna Khawaja, Author at The Cardiology Advisor

Lubna Khawaja

All articles by Lubna Khawaja


Hoarseness (Dysphonia) I. Introduction Change in voice quality is termed “hoarseness”. A hoarse voice may sound raspy, breathy, strained, or show change in volume or pitch. It is both a symptom and sign of dysfunction of the phonatory apparatus (i.e., the larynx) that often impairs the patient’s ability to communicate and reduces voice related QOL…

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