Katarzyna Mastalerz, Author at The Cardiology Advisor

Katarzyna Mastalerz

All articles by Katarzyna Mastalerz

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Systemic Complications of HIV and Disseminated Disease

I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the bulk of the complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In current times, the spectrum of…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Cardiovascular complications of HIV

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. In recent years, a large body of data has been published that suggests an increased burden of cardiovascular disease in HIV-infected individuals. HIV has been independently associated with premature atherosclerosis both before and after initiation of antiretroviral therapy (ART). The pathophysiology of this is likely multifactorial and involves:…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Renal complications of HIV

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the bulk of the complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Neurologic complications of HIV

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the bulk of the complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Oncologic complications of HIV

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the bulk of the complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Gastrointestinal complications of HIV

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the bulk of the complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus: Pulmonary Complications of HIV

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the bulk of the complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In…

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus

Complications of human immunodeficiency virus I. Problem/Condition. Complications of human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection include a wide array of clinical problems that can affect virtually every organ system. Prior to the advent of highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), the majority of complications were comprised of opportunistic illnesses (OIs), which included infections and malignancies. In current…

Tuberculosis and Mycobacterial Pneumonia

Tuberculosis and mycobacterial pneumonia I. What every physician needs to know. Globally, the most common and contagious mycobacterial pneumonia is pulmonary tuberculosis (TB), which continues to kill 2 million people annually. Most deaths occur in high-burden countries with limited access to diagnostic tests and effective antitubercular therapy, but preventable deaths due to TB occur in…

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