Emmy Graber

All articles by Emmy Graber

Melasma (Cholasma Faciei, Mask of Pregnancy)

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? The diagnosis of melasma can be made with confidence in most cases based on the clinical history and physical examination findings. Clinicians should favor this diagnosis in a female patient complaining of new onset or increased prominence of irregularly shaped, often symmetric, hyperpigmented macules or patches on the face,…

Labial Lentigo (labial melanotic macule)

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? There is significant terminologic confusion regarding labial melanotic macules. They have been called ephelides, lentigines, melanosis, solitary labial lentigines, and oral melanotic macules. To further complicate matters, pigmented (melanotic) macules also can occur on the genital labia or oral labia. Traditionally, labial melanotic macules refer to oral labial lesions…

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