David Hepner

All articles by David Hepner

Nonpharmacologic analgesia for L&D

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Multiple modalities exist for nonpharmacologic analgesia for labor and delivery. While the laboring parturient has a sense of urgency secondary to pain, it is essential to understand that labor analgesia is considered elective. Nonpharmacologic analgesia is not relevant to operative delivery such as cesarean or forceps-assisted…

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