Surrogate decision makers for a patient are obligated to make health care decisions based on what the patient would have wanted if it is known.
All articles by David Alfandre, MD, MSPH
Equality assures that everyone receives the same thing, but equity assures that everyone gets what they need.
Health care professionals should know they are accountable for their actions but also feel comfortable that they will not be blamed for systems errors that are beyond their control.
For many health care professionals, successfully managing uncertainty means recognizing that surety is complicated and illusory and knowledge is iterative and provisional rather than definitive.