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Your search for comorbidities returned 1712 results

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Hospital Medicine

Pleural plaques/Mesothelioma

Inhalation exposure to asbestos causes malignant as well as non-malignant diseases of the chest. The spectrum of pleural diseases associated with exposure can range from pleural plaques to effusion and malignancy. Despite major awareness and enormous effort to control exposure, asbestos related diseases will continue because of disease latency and ongoing exposure. In this chapter,…
Anesthesiology

Female urinary incontinence surgery – procedures

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure While urinary incontinence is prevalent in a large number of women (roughly half of all women aged 20 to 80 by survey studies), fewer than half will seek consultation and treatment for this condition. Many older women may have comorbidities (such as cardiovascular disease, diabetes mellitus,…
Cardiology

CAD and the Elderly: Diagnostic and Therapeutic Considerations

I. CAD and the Elderly: What every physician needs to know. Although age has a direct bearing on cardiovascular disease, the pace and nature of aging vary among individuals. Relative differences in biology (e.g., telomere length, genetic constitution), lifelong health habits (e.g., nutrition, exercise, dental care), cardiac risk factors (e.g., hypertension, cholesterol, tobacco, insulin resistance),…
Anesthesiology

ORIF of forearm fracture

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Most forearm fractures in adults result from a high impact direct blow to the forearm or from falls. Motor vehicle accidents and sports trauma are commonly responsible. When referring to forearm fractures, isolated wrist or elbow fractures are excluded. Because of the complex anatomy, fracture patterns…
Pulmonary Medicine

Insomnia

What every physician needs to know: Insomnia is the most common sleep disorder found in the general adult population, with 30 percent of adults reporting insomnia symptoms and 10 percent of adults meeting the full criteria for diagnosis of insomnia. Approximately 80-90 percent of insomnia cases are comorbid with other psychiatric or medical conditions. Following…
Anesthesiology

Gastrocnemius recession

What the Anesthesiologist Should Know before the Operative Procedure Gastrocnemius resection is performed in corrective foot and ankle surgery, calf-contouring cosmetic surgery, or dermatologic, infectious, or oncologic pathologies directly involving the gastrocnemius muscle. Gastrocnemius recession, which involves release of the gastrocnemius tendon and subsequent lengthening of the calf muscle, is specifically indicated for patients with…
Oncology

Preparative regimens for bone marrow transplant

Preparative regimens for bone marrow transplant What every physician needs to know: What is the conditioning regimen? The preparative regimen is the combination of chemical and physical agents that is given to the patient prior to stem cell transplantation (SCT) with the purpose of reducing tumor burden and in the case of an allogeneic transplantation,…
Hematology

Preparative regimens for bone marrow transplant

Preparative regimens for bone marrow transplant What every physician needs to know: What is the conditioning regimen? The preparative regimen is the combination of chemical and physical agents that is given to the patient prior to stem cell transplantation (SCT) with the purpose of reducing tumor burden and in the case of an allogeneic transplantation,…
LabMed

Myasthenia Gravis

At a Glance The key symptom that suggests myasthenia gravis in patients is abnormal, painless, and fluctuating weakness of the proximal musculature. Small muscles, such as the ocular and oropharyngeal musculature, are typically affected first, resulting in diplopia, ptosis, dysphagia, and dysarthria. Another striking characteristic is the diurnal fluctuation of the weakness, typically most pronounced…
Dermatology

Psychogenic Purpura (Gardner-Diamond syndrome, autoerythrocyte sensitization syndrome, painful bruising syndrome)

Are You Confident of the Diagnosis? Rule out factitious, malingering, and abuse. What you should be alert for in the history Be alert for predictable bruising associated with psychological stress in the absence of a hematologic, vascular, immunologic, or infectious process. Continue Reading Characteristic findings on physical examination Characteristic findings include unexplained painful, ecchymotic lesions,…
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