Vascular Medicine

Hypertension, Diabetes in Midlife Increase Risk of Dementia

Hypertension, Diabetes in Midlife Increase Risk of Dementia

Risk factors for dementia include midlife vascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and smoking.

Effect of Vitamin B Supplementation on Fracture Risk in Women at High Risk for CVD

Effect of Vitamin B Supplementation on Fracture Risk in Women at High Risk for CVD

B vitamin and folic acid supplementation does not affect fracture risk or bone turnover in women with preexisting CVD.

Artery, Aorta Measurements Similar With Different MRI Techniques

Artery, Aorta Measurements Similar With Different MRI Techniques

Two-dimensional and three-dimensional MRI techniques to measure the thoracic aorta and main pulmonary artery are in close agreement.

Avalus Surgical Aortic Valve Receives FDA and European Commission Approval

Avalus Surgical Aortic Valve Receives FDA and European Commission Approval

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A new pericardial aortic surgical valve has received US Food and Drug Administration and European Commission approval.

Fixed Dose COPD Treatments Have Similar CV Risks as LABAs/ICS

Fixed Dose COPD Treatments Have Similar CV Risks as LABAs/ICS

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The combination of long-acting β2-agonist (LABA)/ and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) is linked to a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.

 FDA Issues Safety Alert for Revascularization Device Used in Acute Ischemic Stroke

FDA Issues Safety Alert for Revascularization Device Used in Acute Ischemic Stroke

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The delivery wire component of the Penumbra 3D revascularization device may break or separate during use.

9/11 Survivors Have Higher Incidence of Heart Disease, Diabetes

9/11 Survivors Have Higher Incidence of Heart Disease, Diabetes

Rescue workers and survivors of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have an increased risk for heart and lung diseases years later.

Chest Computed Tomography Use in COPD Assessment

Chest Computed Tomography Use in COPD Assessment

Chest computed tomography is increasingly being used in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

FDA Approves New Pericardial Aortic Valve

FDA Approves New Pericardial Aortic Valve

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The FDA approved a new pericardial aortic valve for replacement of native or prosthetic valves.

Pulmonary Artery-to-Aorta Ratio May Predict Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Pulmonary Artery-to-Aorta Ratio May Predict Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

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Pulmonary artery to aorta ratio measurement can effectively predict survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

Off-Label TAVR Demonstrates Similar Mortality as On-Label

Off-Label TAVR Demonstrates Similar Mortality as On-Label

One-year mortality is similar for individuals undergoing transcatheter aortic valve replacement (TAVR) for on-label or off-label indications

CV Risk Factors Associated With Arterial Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis

CV Risk Factors Associated With Arterial Function in Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Vascular hemodynamic alterations in rheumatoid arthritis have been associated with traditional cardiovascular risk factors and disease characteristics.

Intensive Glucose Control in Diabetes Reduces Kidney and Eye Events

Intensive Glucose Control in Diabetes Reduces Kidney and Eye Events

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Kidney and eye events in type 2 diabetes were reduced with more intensive glucose control.

Assessing Mortality Risks in CVD, T2DM vs CKD

Assessing Mortality Risks in CVD, T2DM vs CKD

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Chronic kidney increases the risk of mortality in patients with cardiovascular disease.

Dapagliflozin May Benefit Progression of Atherosclerosis

Dapagliflozin May Benefit Progression of Atherosclerosis

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Dapagliflozin improved endothelial function in patients with type 2 diabetes.

Subclinical Myocardial Damage in Obesity May Be Mitigated by Physical Activity

Subclinical Myocardial Damage in Obesity May Be Mitigated by Physical Activity

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Individuals who had the lowest levels of recommended physical activity had elevated levels of high-sensitivity cardiac troponin T.

 Levodopa's Effect on CAP and PAP in Parkinson's Disease

Levodopa's Effect on CAP and PAP in Parkinson's Disease

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Treating patients with Parkinson's disease with levodopa may help decrease central aortic pressure.

Maternal and Fetal Risk with Anticoagulation in Pregnancy

Maternal and Fetal Risk with Anticoagulation in Pregnancy

Anticoagulation treatment for patients with mechanical heart valves during pregnancy is linked to maternal and fetal risks.

Long-Term Outcomes of Evacetrapib on Cardiovascular Outcomes

Long-Term Outcomes of Evacetrapib on Cardiovascular Outcomes

Evacetrapib does not affect the primary efficacy end point of first occurrence of any component of a composite of death from cardiovascular causes in patients with high-risk vascular disease.

Cardiovascular Predictions in Liver Transplant Candidates

Cardiovascular Predictions in Liver Transplant Candidates

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Stress microvascular perfusion assessments were found to be highly predictive of cardiovascular outcomes in liver transplant candidates.

Aterial Stiffness May Be Predicted by Restrictive Spirometry Pattern

Aterial Stiffness May Be Predicted by Restrictive Spirometry Pattern

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Restrictive spirometry pattern and reduced forced vital capacity (FVC) are associated with a higher risk for arterial stiffness regardless of sex.

Kawasaki Disease: Updated AHA Guidelines

Kawasaki Disease: Updated AHA Guidelines

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The AHA's statement focused on the epidemiology, genetics, pathogenesis, and long-term outcomes of Kawasaki disease.

Infective Endocarditis Risk Increases in Dialysis Patients

Infective Endocarditis Risk Increases in Dialysis Patients

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The rate of infective endocarditis is increasing among patients with end-stage renal disease receiving dialysis.

Critical Limb Ischemia Results in High Readmission

Critical Limb Ischemia Results in High Readmission

Most hospital readmissions at 30 days or 6 months for critical limb ischemia were unplanned.

Vascular Health Predictive of Amyloid Deposits

Vascular Health Predictive of Amyloid Deposits

Researchers followed participants with no dementia to determine the link between vascular health and amyloid deposits leading to dementia.

History of Migraine Linked to Ischemic Stroke Via Cervical Artery Dissection

History of Migraine Linked to Ischemic Stroke Via Cervical Artery Dissection

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Researchers examined a sample of 2485 patients who had early-onset ischemic stroke.

Aspirin May Increase Pregnancy in Women With High Inflammation

Aspirin May Increase Pregnancy in Women With High Inflammation

Women with high levels of inflammation who have previously lost a pregnancy may benefit from daily low-dose aspirin.

HbA<sub>1c</sub> Related to Aortic Stiffness, Even Without Diabetes

HbA1c Related to Aortic Stiffness, Even Without Diabetes

Glycated hemoglobin and homeostatic model assessment of insulin resistance correlated with progression of carotid femoral pulse wave velocity.

Modifying CVD Risk Factors as a Preventive Strategy for Tendinopathy

Modifying CVD Risk Factors as a Preventive Strategy for Tendinopathy

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Higher cardiovascular disease risk scores were associated with greater likelihood of having rotator cuff tendinopathy and glenohumeral joint pain.

SYNTAX Scores Linked to Long-Term Revascularization Outcomes

SYNTAX Scores Linked to Long-Term Revascularization Outcomes

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Higher SYNTAX scores may predict major cardiovascular events in patients with coronary artery disease and diabetes.

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