Vascular Medicine

At-Home Exercise vs Usual Care for Improving Walking Performance in PAD

At-Home Exercise vs Usual Care for Improving Walking Performance in PAD

By

An at-home exercise intervention using a wearable activity monitor and telephone coaching did not improve walking performance in patients with peripheral artery disease compared with usual care.

Transcatheter vs Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in COPD

Transcatheter vs Surgical Aortic Valve Replacement in COPD

In patients with COPD, transcatheter aortic valve replacement was associated with fewer respiratory-related complications than surgical aortic valve replacement.

Rapid Deployment Valve for Aortic Stenosis Ups Stroke Risk

Rapid Deployment Valve for Aortic Stenosis Ups Stroke Risk

Rapid deployment valve use linked to increased rates of pacemaker implantation and disabling stroke, but not mortality.

Menopause Symptom Severity May Predict Heart Disease

Menopause Symptom Severity May Predict Heart Disease

By

Researchers examined whether menopausal symptoms, quality of life, and depression are related to arterial stiffness, a risk factor for cardiovascular disease.

Myocarditis Rare Side Effect of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Myocarditis Rare Side Effect of Immune Checkpoint Inhibitors

Myocarditis with ICIs may be more common than initially thought and responds to higher steroid dosages.

Aortic Valve Replacement in Elderly Tied to High Mortality

Aortic Valve Replacement in Elderly Tied to High Mortality

Clinically relevant and subclinical structural valve degeneration seen in 6.6% and 30.1%, respectively.

FDA: Increased Image Artifact in MRA With Neurovascular Embolization Coils

FDA: Increased Image Artifact in MRA With Neurovascular Embolization Coils

By

When magnetic resonance angiography is performed in patients with neurovascular embolization coils that contain 304V stainless steel, an increased image artifact may occur.

Intensive blood pressure control not linked to changes in cerebral perfusion in patients with cerebral small vessel disease

In patients with severe cerebral small vessel disease, a strategy of intensive blood pressure control did not significantly alter whole brain blood flow when compared with standard blood pressure control.

A 64-Year-Old Woman With Colorectal Cancer Presents to ED With Severe Chest Pain

A 64-Year-Old Woman With Colorectal Cancer Presents to ED With Severe Chest Pain

By

A 64-year-old woman who was recently diagnosed with colorectal cancer is brought to the emergency department with substernal chest pain and shortness of breath.

FDA Approves Mechanical Heart Valve for Use in Infants

FDA Approves Mechanical Heart Valve for Use in Infants

By

The FDA has approved a new size of the Masters Series Mechanical Heart Valve with Hemodynamic Plus Sewing Cuff for use in newborn patients with heart defects.

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control in Small Vessel Disease

Intensive vs Standard Blood Pressure Control in Small Vessel Disease

Intensive blood pressure control did not reduce cerebral perfusion in patients with severe small vessel disease.

Mental Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia Risk After MI Increased in Women

Mental Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia Risk After MI Increased in Women

Women have an increased risk of mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia after myocardial infarction.

Aortic Disease Risk May Be Attenuated by Type 2 Diabetes

Aortic Disease Risk May Be Attenuated by Type 2 Diabetes

By

T2D may play a protective role against the development of aortic diseases through structural changes in the aortic wall.

TAVR, SAVR Mortality Risk Increased With Depression

TAVR, SAVR Mortality Risk Increased With Depression

The presence of depressive symptoms among older adults undergoing TAVR or SAVR increases the risk of mortality.

A 35-Year-Old Pregnant Woman Presents With Progressive Dyspnea and Palpitations

A 35-Year-Old Pregnant Woman Presents With Progressive Dyspnea and Palpitations

By

A 35-year-old pregnant woman presents to the emergency department with progressive dyspnea and palpitations that have worsened during the last 3 weeks.

Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: First-Ever Guidelines Released

Anticoagulation During Cardiopulmonary Bypass: First-Ever Guidelines Released

Clinical practice guidelines for anticoagulation therapy for cardiopulmonary bypass have been developed.

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Arterial Stiffness

Effect of Vitamin D Supplementation on Arterial Stiffness

For overweight African Americans with vitamin D deficiency, arterial stiffness is improved by vitamin D3 supplementation in a dose-response manner.

Survival in Aortic Stenosis May Be Predicted by LVEF

Survival in Aortic Stenosis May Be Predicted by LVEF

For patients with severe aortic stenosis, left ventricular ejection fraction <60% is associated with impaired survival.

Rheumatic Heart Disease Mortality in Valve Replacement Surgery

Rheumatic Heart Disease Mortality in Valve Replacement Surgery

By

Thrombocytopenia at hospital admission may be an independent predictor for in-hospital mortality in patients with rheumatic heart disease undergoing valve replacement surgery.

Hypertension in Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction

Hypertension in Type 1 Diabetes Linked to Vascular Endothelial Dysfunction

By

Vascular endothelial dysfunction contribute to the development of premature arterial stiffening and hypertension in patients with type 1 diabetes.

Mental Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia: Differences Between the Sexes

Mental Stress-Induced Myocardial Ischemia: Differences Between the Sexes

Cardiovascular reactivity mechanisms for mental stress-induced myocardial ischemia differ between sexes.

Compression Ultrasounds for DVT Diagnosis Can Be Reliably Performed by Nonexperts

Compression Ultrasounds for DVT Diagnosis Can Be Reliably Performed by Nonexperts

General practitioners perform compression ultrasonography for DVT of the leg just as well as vascular experts.

Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Open vs Endovascular Repair

Ruptured Abdominal Aortic Aneurysms: Open vs Endovascular Repair

By

Endovascular strategy is associated with better survival rate and decreased hospital costs compared to open repair in ruptured abdominal aortic aneurysm.

Cardiac Syndrome X Does Not Benefit From Allopurinol

Cardiac Syndrome X Does Not Benefit From Allopurinol

Allopurinol does not improve exercise capacity or peripheral endothelial or coronary function in patients with cardiac syndrome X.

Relationship Between Cardiac Index and Cerebral Blood Flow

Relationship Between Cardiac Index and Cerebral Blood Flow

Among older adults, lower cardiac index is associated with lower resting cerebral blood flow in the temporal lobes regardless of cardiovascular disease but is not associated with cerebrovascular reactivity.

High Nicotine Levels in E-Cigarettes May Increase Smoking Frequency

High Nicotine Levels in E-Cigarettes May Increase Smoking Frequency

By

Adolescents who use e-cigarettes with higher concentrations of nicotine may be at risk for progressively increasing the frequency and intensity of smoking and vaping.

Smoking-Related Lung Microbiota Changes Affect ARDS Development After Blunt Trauma

Smoking-Related Lung Microbiota Changes Affect ARDS Development After Blunt Trauma

By

Smoking-related changes in lung microbiota may increase the risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients after severe trauma.

RA Pressure Associated With Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensity in Valvular Heart Disease

RA Pressure Associated With Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensity in Valvular Heart Disease

White matter hyperintensity volume is associated with mean right atrial pressure in patients with chronic valvular heart disease.

Target Vessel Thrombosis in BVS vs Everolimus-Eluting Stents

Target Vessel Thrombosis in BVS vs Everolimus-Eluting Stents

By

Patients who received bioresorbable vascular scaffolds had higher rates of device thrombosis and target vessel MI compared with those who received everolimus-eluting stents.

Vessel Sizing Optimization in BVS Implantation

Vessel Sizing Optimization in BVS Implantation

By

Researchers analyzed 3-year outcomes in patients implanted with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds for the treatment of coronary lesions.

Sign Up for Free e-Newsletters