Vascular Medicine

Cardiac Syndrome X Does Not Benefit From Allopurinol

Cardiac Syndrome X Does Not Benefit From Allopurinol

Allopurinol does not improve exercise capacity or peripheral endothelial or coronary function in patients with cardiac syndrome X.

Relationship Between Cardiac Index and Cerebral Blood Flow

Relationship Between Cardiac Index and Cerebral Blood Flow

Among older adults, lower cardiac index is associated with lower resting cerebral blood flow in the temporal lobes regardless of cardiovascular disease but is not associated with cerebrovascular reactivity.

High Nicotine Levels in E-Cigarettes May Increase Smoking Frequency

High Nicotine Levels in E-Cigarettes May Increase Smoking Frequency

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Adolescents who use e-cigarettes with higher concentrations of nicotine may be at risk for progressively increasing the frequency and intensity of smoking and vaping.

Smoking-Related Lung Microbiota Changes Affect ARDS Development After Blunt Trauma

Smoking-Related Lung Microbiota Changes Affect ARDS Development After Blunt Trauma

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Smoking-related changes in lung microbiota may increase the risk for acute respiratory distress syndrome in patients after severe trauma.

RA Pressure Associated With Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensity in Valvular Heart Disease

RA Pressure Associated With Cerebral White Matter Hyperintensity in Valvular Heart Disease

White matter hyperintensity volume is associated with mean right atrial pressure in patients with chronic valvular heart disease.

Target Vessel Thrombosis in BVS vs Everolimus-Eluting Stents

Target Vessel Thrombosis in BVS vs Everolimus-Eluting Stents

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Patients who received bioresorbable vascular scaffolds had higher rates of device thrombosis and target vessel MI compared with those who received everolimus-eluting stents.

Vessel Sizing Optimization in BVS Implantation

Vessel Sizing Optimization in BVS Implantation

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Researchers analyzed 3-year outcomes in patients implanted with bioresorbable vascular scaffolds for the treatment of coronary lesions.

Aortic Valve Replacement: Better Outcomes When Performed in Afternoon

Aortic Valve Replacement: Better Outcomes When Performed in Afternoon

Perioperative myocardial injury occurs more with morning surgery than with afternoon surgery in patients undergoing aortic valve replacement.

Heart Failure Outcomes Improved With TAVR or SAVR

Heart Failure Outcomes Improved With TAVR or SAVR

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Patients with heart failure who received transcatheter aortic valve replacements saw decrease in aortic valve mean gradient.

Thrombosis Odds Up With Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds

Thrombosis Odds Up With Bioresorbable Vascular Scaffolds

Everolimus-eluting bioresorbable vascular scaffolds are associated with increased odds of scaffold thrombosis and other thrombotic events.

TAVR and SAVR Appropriate Use Criteria Established for Severe Aortic Stenosis

TAVR and SAVR Appropriate Use Criteria Established for Severe Aortic Stenosis

Appropriate use criteria have been developed for the treatment of patients with severe aortic stenosis.

Improved Prediction of TAVR-Related Mortality Risk With Albumin

Improved Prediction of TAVR-Related Mortality Risk With Albumin

Serum albumin can predict transcatheter aortic valve replacement-related mortality.

Acute Myocarditis Prognosis Linked to Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Cardiac MRI

Acute Myocarditis Prognosis Linked to Late Gadolinium Enhancement in Cardiac MRI

For patients with acute myocarditis with preserved left ventricular ejection fraction and for patients with suspected myocarditis, late gadolinium enhancement on cardiac MRI is associated with worse prognosis.

Heart Function in Teenagers Linked to Vitamin K-1 Consumption

Heart Function in Teenagers Linked to Vitamin K-1 Consumption

Phylloquinone intake affects left ventricular structure and function in adolescents.

No Screening Necessary for Asymptomatic Patient With Carotid Artery Stenosis

No Screening Necessary for Asymptomatic Patient With Carotid Artery Stenosis

No screening necessary for an asymptomatic patient with cardiovascular risk and stenosis of 50% on screening carotid ultrasonography.

High Levels of Stem Cell Factor Linked to Reduced CV Events

High Levels of Stem Cell Factor Linked to Reduced CV Events

High levels of stem cell factor are associated with reduced risk of mortality and cardiovascular events.

New Appropriate Use Criteria Released for Imaging in Valvular Heart Disease

New Appropriate Use Criteria Released for Imaging in Valvular Heart Disease

New criteria has been developed for valvular heart disease imaging tests.

Which Revascularization Strategy Produces Better Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes?

Which Revascularization Strategy Produces Better Outcomes in Type 1 Diabetes?

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Coronary artery bypass grafting yielded better outcomes in patients with type 1 diabetes who had multivessel disease compared with percutaneous coronary intervention.

Greater CV Benefit With Rivaroxaban Plus Aspirin vs Monotherapy in Stable ASCVD

Greater CV Benefit With Rivaroxaban Plus Aspirin vs Monotherapy in Stable ASCVD

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Despite more major bleeding events, rivaroxaban plus aspirin therapy had a greater cardiovascular benefit in patients with stable atherosclerotic vascular disease vs monotherapy.

Global Mortality Trends in Rheumatic Heart Disease

Global Mortality Trends in Rheumatic Heart Disease

The health-related burden of rheumatic heart disease has declined worldwide but high rates persist in poorer regions of the world.

Hypertension, Diabetes in Midlife Increase Risk of Dementia

Hypertension, Diabetes in Midlife Increase Risk of Dementia

Risk factors for dementia include midlife vascular risk factors such as hypertension, diabetes and smoking.

Effect of Vitamin B Supplementation on Fracture Risk in Women at High Risk for CVD

Effect of Vitamin B Supplementation on Fracture Risk in Women at High Risk for CVD

B vitamin and folic acid supplementation does not affect fracture risk or bone turnover in women with preexisting CVD.

Artery, Aorta Measurements Similar With Different MRI Techniques

Artery, Aorta Measurements Similar With Different MRI Techniques

Two-dimensional and three-dimensional MRI techniques to measure the thoracic aorta and main pulmonary artery are in close agreement.

Avalus Surgical Aortic Valve Receives FDA and European Commission Approval

Avalus Surgical Aortic Valve Receives FDA and European Commission Approval

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A new pericardial aortic surgical valve has received US Food and Drug Administration and European Commission approval.

Fixed Dose COPD Treatments Have Similar CV Risks as LABAs/ICS

Fixed Dose COPD Treatments Have Similar CV Risks as LABAs/ICS

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The combination of long-acting β2-agonist (LABA)/ and long-acting muscarinic antagonist (LAMA) is linked to a similar or lower risk of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular adverse events compared to treatment with LABA/inhaled corticosteroid.

 FDA Issues Safety Alert for Revascularization Device Used in Acute Ischemic Stroke

FDA Issues Safety Alert for Revascularization Device Used in Acute Ischemic Stroke

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The delivery wire component of the Penumbra 3D revascularization device may break or separate during use.

9/11 Survivors Have Higher Incidence of Heart Disease, Diabetes

9/11 Survivors Have Higher Incidence of Heart Disease, Diabetes

Rescue workers and survivors of the 9/11 terrorist attacks on the World Trade Center have an increased risk for heart and lung diseases years later.

Chest Computed Tomography Use in COPD Assessment

Chest Computed Tomography Use in COPD Assessment

Chest computed tomography is increasingly being used in chronic obstructive pulmonary disease.

FDA Approves New Pericardial Aortic Valve

FDA Approves New Pericardial Aortic Valve

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The FDA approved a new pericardial aortic valve for replacement of native or prosthetic valves.

Pulmonary Artery-to-Aorta Ratio May Predict Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

Pulmonary Artery-to-Aorta Ratio May Predict Survival in Idiopathic Pulmonary Fibrosis

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Pulmonary artery to aorta ratio measurement can effectively predict survival in patients with idiopathic pulmonary fibrosis.

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