Prevention

Cardiovascular Event Risk Down With Med Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Cardiovascular Event Risk Down With Med Diet Plus Olive Oil, Nuts

Lower incidence of major cardiovascular events with Mediterranean diet supplemented with oil and nuts.

NSTEMI Risk for ICU Complications Predicted Using ACTION ICU Risk Score

NSTEMI Risk for ICU Complications Predicted Using ACTION ICU Risk Score

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When patient risk was predicted using ACTION ICU model, the likelihood of a complication developing that required ICU care increased >10-fold from the lowest to the highest scores.

NSAID Use Mediates CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

NSAID Use Mediates CVD Risk in Osteoarthritis

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Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drug use mediated a substantial amount of cardiovascular disease risk in osteoarthritis.

Good Sleep Tied to Better Cardiometabolic Health in Youths

Good Sleep Tied to Better Cardiometabolic Health in Youths

Longer sleep duration and greater sleep efficiency linked to better metabolic risk scores in adolescents.

Walk Test Identifies Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction Post Cardiac Surgery

Walk Test Identifies Risk for Cognitive Dysfunction Post Cardiac Surgery

Preoperative 6-minute walk distance linked to postoperative cognitive dysfunction risk in older adults undergoing cardiac surgery.

Improved calculations suggest major changes to statin, aspirin, and blood pressure medication prescribing

Updated risk calculations suggest that fewer people should be classified within the high-risk category for CVD. In addition, many Americans, especially those of African American descent, may require reduction and alteration to their statin, aspirin, and/or blood pressure medications.

Plasma Methylglyoxal Levels Associated With CVD, Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes

Plasma Methylglyoxal Levels Associated With CVD, Mortality in Type 2 Diabetes

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Investigators sought to determine whether methylglyoxal levels are associated with cardiovascular disease in type 2 diabetes.

Personalized Goals, Cash Motivated Exercise in Ischemic Heart Disease

Personalized Goals, Cash Motivated Exercise in Ischemic Heart Disease

Loss-framed financial incentives with personalized goal setting helped increase daily step counts in patients with ischemic heart disease.

African Americans Less Likely to Get Recommended Statin Therapy

African Americans Less Likely to Get Recommended Statin Therapy

Socioeconomic, demographic, belief-related and clinician differences are factors that contributed to the differences in statin treatment between African-American and white patients.

Adverse Change in Employment Post-MI Tied to Worse Outcomes

Adverse Change in Employment Post-MI Tied to Worse Outcomes

Patients with an adverse change in employment were more likely to report depression and have lower health status following a myocardial infarction.

Clinician Perspective: Examining the Link Between Antipsychotics and Diabetes

Clinician Perspective: Examining the Link Between Antipsychotics and Diabetes

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Endocrinologist Kevin M. Pantalone, DO, and psychiatrist Christian Kohler, MD, discuss the risk associated with the use of antipsychotic medications in individuals with type 2 diabetes.

Many AKI Reports in FAERS Linked to Drugs Not Recognized as Nephrotoxic

Many AKI Reports in FAERS Linked to Drugs Not Recognized as Nephrotoxic

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According to the authors, this is the first study to identify medications most commonly reported for a specific adverse reaction using this database.

Poor Social Network Adds Health Risks Across Cardiac Diagnoses

Poor Social Network Adds Health Risks Across Cardiac Diagnoses

Having no one to talk to was linked to worse self-rated mental and physical health, anxiety, and depression in patients with various cardiac diagnoses.

Safety of DPP-IV Inhibitor, Cardiovascular Events After ACS in Type 2 Diabetes

Safety of DPP-IV Inhibitor, Cardiovascular Events After ACS in Type 2 Diabetes

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Investigators examined the time to first event composing of cardiovascular death, myocardial infarction, or stroke.

Emotional Hyper-Reactivity and Cardiometabolic Risk in Remitted Bipolar Disorder

Emotional Hyper-Reactivity and Cardiometabolic Risk in Remitted Bipolar Disorder

Patients with remitted bipolar disorder and emotional hyper-reactivity also have significantly higher levels of low-grade inflammation, hypertension, and impaired glucose metabolism, indicating a higher risk for cardiometabolic dysfunction.

 USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

USPSTF Does Not Recommend Electrocardiography Screening in Low-Risk CVD

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The United States Preventive Services Task Force does not recommend screening with resting or exercise electrocardiography in asymptomatic individuals at low risk for cardiovascular disease events.

How Many Chances Are Too Many? Treating Recurrent Infective Endocarditis in IV Drug Users

How Many Chances Are Too Many? Treating Recurrent Infective Endocarditis in IV Drug Users

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How many second chances should a drug user get? As many as it takes for us — physicians, society, government, and the healthcare system — to get it right.

Job Strain May Raise Death Risk in Men With Cardiometabolic Disease

Job Strain May Raise Death Risk in Men With Cardiometabolic Disease

Increased mortality from job strain was greater than that from hypertension, obesity, physical inactivity, and high alcohol intake.

Cumulative Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Use May Be Associated With Increased CVD Risk

Cumulative Ritonavir-Boosted Darunavir Use May Be Associated With Increased CVD Risk

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An increased risk for cardiovascular disease with ritonavir-boosted darunavir regimens for HIV was identified in a prospective multicenter study.

Mindfulness Program May Help Increase Physical Activity Levels

Mindfulness Program May Help Increase Physical Activity Levels

Meditation/stress reduction may be as effective aerobic training program in increasing activity.

Revised Equation May Improve Accuracy of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Estimates

Revised Equation May Improve Accuracy of Cardiovascular Disease Risk Estimates

Multiple studies have indicated that the 2013 PCEs - published by the American College of Cardiology/American Heart Association Task Force on Practice Guidelines - substantially misestimated CVD risk.

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

Alcohol Consumption Inversely Linked to Nonfatal Coronary Heart Disease

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Alcohol consumption may be inversely related to nonfatal CHD risk but positively correlated with risks for other stroke subtypes.

AHA: Limited Health Literacy Is Barrier to Cardiovascular Care

AHA: Limited Health Literacy Is Barrier to Cardiovascular Care

Use of Universal Precautions Toolkit recommended for improving quality of cardiovascular care.

No Consistent Cardiovascular Benefit Seen for Supplements

No Consistent Cardiovascular Benefit Seen for Supplements

The evidence for preventive benefits, no effect, or elevated risk for all-cause mortality was generally moderate- or low-quality.

Postmenopausal Sex Hormone Levels Associated With Later CVD

Postmenopausal Sex Hormone Levels Associated With Later CVD

Higher testosterone/estradiol ratio linked to elevated risk for incident cardiovascular disease.

Genomic Medicine Will Help Shift Cardio Care to Proactive Approach

Genomic Medicine Will Help Shift Cardio Care to Proactive Approach

Within 2 decades, many patients are likely to undergo routine cardiovascular genomic testing.

HBV Infection May Not Be Associated With Increased Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

HBV Infection May Not Be Associated With Increased Risk for Coronary Heart Disease

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Researchers conducted the first systematic review and meta-analysis to assess the relationship between HBV and the risk for coronary heart disease.

Perioperative Cardiovascular Events More Common in Diabetes

Perioperative Cardiovascular Events More Common in Diabetes

Perioperative major adverse cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events may be more common in patients with diabetes.

Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

Higher Adiposity Increases Odds of Smoking

Obesity may be linked with an increased risk of smoking as well as an increase in the number of cigarettes smoked per day.

Severe Atopic Eczema Tied to Higher CVD Risk

Severe Atopic Eczema Tied to Higher CVD Risk

Risk for cardiovascular outcomes was greatest for individuals with the most active atopic eczema.

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