Pediatric Cardiology

Childhood Cardiovascular Risk Factors Linked to Midlife Cognitive Performance

Childhood Cardiovascular Risk Factors Linked to Midlife Cognitive Performance

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The cardiovascular risk factors of high systolic blood pressure, high serum total cholesterol, and smoking were independently associated with worse cognitive performance in midlife.

Lone Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Characteristics in Children

Lone Atrial Fibrillation Clinical Characteristics in Children

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Children aged 15-19 years appear to have the greatest risk of developing lone atrial fibrillation.

Kawasaki Disease: Updated AHA Guidelines

Kawasaki Disease: Updated AHA Guidelines

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The AHA's statement focused on the epidemiology, genetics, pathogenesis, and long-term outcomes of Kawasaki disease.

Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillators Safe, Effective for Pediatric Patients

Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillators Safe, Effective for Pediatric Patients

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All arrhythmic episodes were successfully converted, and no deaths were reported.

Hypertension in Adolescents Linked to Higher Body Mass Index

Hypertension in Adolescents Linked to Higher Body Mass Index

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More than 40% of adolescents were found to have prehypertension or hypertension associated with higher body mass index.

Antihypertensive Use In Pregnancy Linked With Congenital Heart Defects

Antihypertensive Use In Pregnancy Linked With Congenital Heart Defects

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Antihypertensive use in the month prior to conception through the third month of pregnancy resulted in an increased risk for congenital heart defects.

Pediatric Stroke Patients Often Complain of Headache

Pediatric Stroke Patients Often Complain of Headache

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The majority of children diagnosed with definite arteriopathy and presenting with dissection and transient cerebral arteriopathy of childhood had headache complaints.

Blood Pressure Trajectories in Childhood Predict CVD Risk

Blood Pressure Trajectories in Childhood Predict CVD Risk

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Patients with higher blood pressure trajectories also had thicker carotid intima-media thickness and increased LV mass index.

Parents of Children With Congenital Heart Defects at Risk for PTSD

Parents of Children With Congenital Heart Defects at Risk for PTSD

Between 25% and 50% of parents of children with congenital heart defects had symptoms of depression, anxiety, or both.

EKG Recommended for Pediatric Patients Before Antipsychotic Medication

EKG Recommended for Pediatric Patients Before Antipsychotic Medication

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Prior to starting antipsychotic therapy, pediatric patients should undergo a baseline electrocardiogram assessment.

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome After Congenital Heart Surgery in Children

Systemic Inflammatory Response Syndrome After Congenital Heart Surgery in Children

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To reduce the incidence of systemic inflammatory response syndrome in pediatric patients after heart surgery, researchers suggest restricting blood product use.

Therapeutic Hypothermia in Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Therapeutic Hypothermia in Children With In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

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Therapeutic hypothermia did not improve survival outcomes in pediatric patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest.

Parents Identify Most Important Congenital Heart Disease Outcome Measures

Parents Identify Most Important Congenital Heart Disease Outcome Measures

Parents of children with congenital heart disease noted survival statistics, surgeon-specific experience, and complication rates were the most important categories of outcome measures.

Acute Kidney Injury Risk in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Heart Surgery

Acute Kidney Injury Risk in Pediatric Patients Undergoing Heart Surgery

The researchers found a correlation between the magnitude of nadir platelet counts and severity of acute kidney injury.

AHA: Pregnancy Management With Congenital Heart Disease

AHA: Pregnancy Management With Congenital Heart Disease

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The American Heart Association presents recommendations for managing pregnancy in women with congenital heart disease.

FDA: Limit Use of General Anesthesia in Young Children

FDA: Limit Use of General Anesthesia in Young Children

The FDA warned that repeated or lengthy use (longer than 3 hours) of general anesthesia may harm the brains of children younger than 3 years of age.

Rheumatic Heart Disease: Diagnosis and Management

Rheumatic Heart Disease: Diagnosis and Management

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Learn about the comprehensive management of rheumatic heart disease with Jack Boyd, MD, clinical assistant professor of cardiothoracic surgery at Stanford University School of Medicine.

Blood Pressure Dysfunction Tied to Childhood Adversity

Blood Pressure Dysfunction Tied to Childhood Adversity

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Childhood adversity, including abuse, neglect, and low socioeconomic status, has been linked to blood pressure dysfunction from childhood into adulthood.

Time of Day and In-Hospital CPR Administration in Children

Time of Day and In-Hospital CPR Administration in Children

Children received CPR at night were 12% less likely to survive.

USPSTF Recommendations on Childhood Obesity

USPSTF Recommendations on Childhood Obesity

The draft recommendation is similar to the 2010 final recommendation made by the USPSTF, but specifies teens for further clarification.

Familial Hypercholesterolemia Screening for Children in Primary Care

Familial Hypercholesterolemia Screening for Children in Primary Care

The overall prevalence of familial hypercholesterolemia mutation was 1 in 273 children.

Moderate-to-Vigorous Exercise Levels Low in Older Adolescents

Moderate-to-Vigorous Exercise Levels Low in Older Adolescents

Only 9% of US high school students met current exercise recommendations throughout a 4-year study period.

Newborn Screening for Congenital Heart Disease: Challenges and Solutions

Newborn Screening for Congenital Heart Disease: Challenges and Solutions

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The CDC recommends better screening tools—and data collection methods—to identify newborns with congenital heart disease.

MostCare PRAM Comparable to Fick Method in Cardiac Output Estimation

MostCare PRAM Comparable to Fick Method in Cardiac Output Estimation

Researchers took cardiac index measurements from pediatric patients undergoing diagnostic right and left catheterization.

Congenital Heart Defects Decreased With Folic Acid-Fortified Foods

Congenital Heart Defects Decreased With Folic Acid-Fortified Foods

An 11% decrease in congenital heart defects was observed, particularly in structural defects of the heart.

Neonatal Hypoglycemia and Bradycardia Risk Increased With Beta-Blocker Exposure

Neonatal Hypoglycemia and Bradycardia Risk Increased With Beta-Blocker Exposure

Risk of neonatal hypoglycemia was 4.3% and 1.2% in the beta-blocker-exposed and unexposed neonates, respectively.

AHA: Improved Cardiovascular Health Surveillance Needed in Children and Adolescents

AHA: Improved Cardiovascular Health Surveillance Needed in Children and Adolescents

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"Big data" and analytics such as electronic health records may help improve tracking of cardiovascular health in children.

Updated Recommendations for Lipid Disorder Screening in Children

Updated Recommendations for Lipid Disorder Screening in Children

USPSTF found insufficient evidence to weigh the benefits and harms of lipid screening in children and adolescents.

Mortality Rates After Surgery Due to Congenital Heart Defects Have Decreased

Mortality Rates After Surgery Due to Congenital Heart Defects Have Decreased

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In a population-based study, congenital heart defect-related deaths decreased over 60 years.

First Report of Congenital Heart Disease Estimates in the United States

First Report of Congenital Heart Disease Estimates in the United States

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Approximately 12% of 2.4 million individuals living with congenital heart disease in 2010 had severe congenital heart disease.

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