Pediatric Cardiology

Poor Outcomes for Hispanic Infants With Congenital Heart Disease

Poor Outcomes for Hispanic Infants With Congenital Heart Disease

For live-born infants with hypoplastic left heart syndrome and d-transposition of the great arteries, Hispanic ethnicity is associated with poor outcome.

Developmental Surveillance Needed for Children With Heart Conditions

Developmental Surveillance Needed for Children With Heart Conditions

Children with past and current heart conditions have more special health care needs compared with children without heart conditions.

CCA Wall Thickness Measured by MRI More Consistently Linked to CVD

CCA Wall Thickness Measured by MRI More Consistently Linked to CVD

Common carotid artery wall thickness measured using MRI is more consistently associated with incident CVD outcomes than intima-media thickness measured by ultrasound.

Morbidity, Mortality Increased for Youth With CHD Presenting to ED

Morbidity, Mortality Increased for Youth With CHD Presenting to ED

Children with congenital heart disease presenting to the emergency department have increased rates of inpatient admission and mortality.

Time to First Defibrillation May Not Affect Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Survival Rates

Time to First Defibrillation May Not Affect Pediatric Cardiac Arrest Survival Rates

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There was no association found between time to first defibrillation attempt and survival to discharge in this study.

Time to Defibrillation Not Linked to Survival in Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

Time to Defibrillation Not Linked to Survival in Pediatric In-Hospital Cardiac Arrest

For pediatric patients with in-hospital cardiac arrest (IHCA), time to first defibrillation attempt is not associated with survival.

Is Fetal Cardiac Intervention Ethical When Postnatal Outcome Is Uncertain?

Is Fetal Cardiac Intervention Ethical When Postnatal Outcome Is Uncertain?

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Choosing an appropriate treatment strategy is a difficult endeavor when no existing prediction criteria are available and postnatal outcomes are unclear.

Life-Threatening Events in Wolff-Parkinson-White Occur Without Prior Symptoms

Life-Threatening Events in Wolff-Parkinson-White Occur Without Prior Symptoms

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Patients aged 21 years with Wolff-Parkinson White syndrome are at high risk for a life-threatening event.

Extreme Preterm Infants at Risk for Early Age High Blood Pressure

Extreme Preterm Infants at Risk for Early Age High Blood Pressure

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Children who were born as extreme preterm infants may have a higher risk for high blood pressure and hypertension.

SCD Causes in Teen Athletes Often Not Identified During Screening

SCD Causes in Teen Athletes Often Not Identified During Screening

Most sudden cardiac deaths of teen soccer players were due to cardiomyopathies not identified during screening.

American Heart Association Urges Screen Time Limits for Youth

American Heart Association Urges Screen Time Limits for Youth

Increasing screen time trends may have a negative cardiometabolic effect on young children.

RV Base/Apex Ratio May Help Diagnose Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Children

RV Base/Apex Ratio May Help Diagnose Pulmonary Arterial Hypertension in Children

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Right ventricular base/apex ratio reference values may help clinicians diagnose children with pulmonary arterial hypertension.

Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator Safe for Pediatric Patients

Wearable Cardioverter Defibrillator Safe for Pediatric Patients

For pediatric patients with ventricular arrhythmias at risk for sudden cardiac death, a wearable cardioverter defibrillator seems safe and effective.

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Mortality Still High After Surgery for Congenital Heart Defects

Long-term mortality is elevated even for mild congenital heart defects, but overall survival improved over time.

Early Post-Op APAP Exposure May Cut AKI Risk in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Early Post-Op APAP Exposure May Cut AKI Risk in Pediatric Cardiac Surgery

Early acetaminophen exposure after pediatric cardiac surgery may reduce rate of acute kidney injury.

Updated Blood Pressure Guidelines Identify Children With Previously Underestimated Risk

Updated Blood Pressure Guidelines Identify Children With Previously Underestimated Risk

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The new blood pressure guidelines have increased the estimated population prevalence of children with elevated blood pressure from 11.8% to 14.2%.

Transforming Congenital Heart Disease Outcomes With 3D Printing

Transforming Congenital Heart Disease Outcomes With 3D Printing

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The use of 3D-printed models is transforming congenital heart disease care by improving clinical outcomes and medical training.

Congenital Heart Disease Newborn Screening May Detect Other Diseases

Congenital Heart Disease Newborn Screening May Detect Other Diseases

Newborn screening for congenital heart disease may not detect many new cases of critical congenital heart disease, but can detect other important diseases.

Increase in Hypertension in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

Increase in Hypertension in Children Based on 2017 AAP Guidelines

Increase in estimated population prevalence of elevated blood pressure from 11.8% to 14.2% in children.

Pulmonary Hypertension Outcomes Predicted by NT-pro BNP

Pulmonary Hypertension Outcomes Predicted by NT-pro BNP

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N-terminal-pro brain natriuretic peptide may be a useful biomarker for both mortality and respiratory exacerbations in pediatric patients with pulmonary hypertension.

Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality Following Cardiac Catheterization

Pulmonary Hypertension Mortality Following Cardiac Catheterization

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Patients with pulmonary hypertension have a high risk for adverse events during and following cardiac catheterization, but high case volume may help ameliorate this risk.

Infant Heart Defects May Be Early Marker of Future CVD in Mothers

Infant Heart Defects May Be Early Marker of Future CVD in Mothers

Mothers of infants with congenital heart defects may be more likely to have cardiovascular hospitalizations.

Fewer SIDS Cases Result From Genetic Heart Disease Causes

Fewer SIDS Cases Result From Genetic Heart Disease Causes

Fewer cases of sudden infant death syndrome may be linked to genetic heart diseases than previously thought.

FDA Approves Mechanical Heart Valve for Use in Infants

FDA Approves Mechanical Heart Valve for Use in Infants

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The FDA has approved a new size of the Masters Series Mechanical Heart Valve with Hemodynamic Plus Sewing Cuff for use in newborn patients with heart defects.

Cardiac Surgery in Infancy May Increase Risk for Hearing Loss

Cardiac Surgery in Infancy May Increase Risk for Hearing Loss

Younger gestational age, longer postoperative duration of stay, and a confirmed genetic anomaly were associated with hearing loss after pediatric cardiac surgery.

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Outcomes May Be Affected by Neighborhood Income

Pediatric Cardiac Surgery Outcomes May Be Affected by Neighborhood Income

Pediatric patients undergoing cardiac surgery who were from the lowest-income neighborhoods had increased mortality compared with children from the highest-income neighborhoods.

Initial High Blood Pressure Reading in Children: Approach With Caution

Initial High Blood Pressure Reading in Children: Approach With Caution

Only approximately half of pediatric patients with a blood pressure reading ≥95th percentile would be correctly classified based on BP reading.

Brugada Syndrome Symptoms Managed by Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

Brugada Syndrome Symptoms Managed by Implantable Cardioverter-Defibrillators

In a recent study, implantable cardioverter-defibrillators treated sustained ventricular arrhythmias, including shocks and antitachycardia.

Pilot Study to Assess Effectiveness of Milrinone in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

Pilot Study to Assess Effectiveness of Milrinone in Congenital Diaphragmatic Hernia

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A pilot study will assess the effectiveness of milrinone in a small group of infants born with congenital diaphragmatic hernia.

Mandatory Screening for Congenital Heart Disease: Effects on Infant Mortality

Mandatory Screening for Congenital Heart Disease: Effects on Infant Mortality

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Mandatory congenital heart disease screening in newborns was associated with a reduction in number of infant cardiac deaths.

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