Myocardial Infarction

Transfeminine Persons Have Increased VTE Incidence

Transfeminine Persons Have Increased VTE Incidence

More pronounced differences in venous thromboembolism and ischemic stroke in individuals who initiated hormone treatment during follow-up.

Acute MI Diagnosis: 0/1 Hour Superior to 0/3 Hour Algorithm

Acute MI Diagnosis: 0/1 Hour Superior to 0/3 Hour Algorithm

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The 0/1 hour algorithm was superior to the 0/3 hour algorithm for ruling out acute myocardial infarction.

NSTEMI Risk for ICU Complications Predicted Using ACTION ICU Risk Score

NSTEMI Risk for ICU Complications Predicted Using ACTION ICU Risk Score

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When patient risk was predicted using ACTION ICU model, the likelihood of a complication developing that required ICU care increased >10-fold from the lowest to the highest scores.

Aldosterone antagonist therapy linked to reduced mortality following STEMI without heart failure

In this meta-analysis of available randomized clinical trials, use of aldosterone antagonist therapy in patients with preserved ejection fraction following STEMI was associated with a reduction in overall mortality. In addition, aldosterone antagonist therapy was linked to a small increase in serum potassium and no overall difference in serum creatinine levels.

Aldosterone Antagonists Improved Survival in STEMI Without Heart Failure

Aldosterone Antagonists Improved Survival in STEMI Without Heart Failure

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Aldosterone antagonists significantly reduced the risk for mortality in patients with ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction without heart failure.

Adverse Change in Employment Post-MI Tied to Worse Outcomes

Adverse Change in Employment Post-MI Tied to Worse Outcomes

Patients with an adverse change in employment were more likely to report depression and have lower health status following a myocardial infarction.

Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Often Attributed to Sudden, Arrhythmic Death

Coronary Heart Disease Mortality Often Attributed to Sudden, Arrhythmic Death

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In patients with coronary heart disease and a history of myocardial infarction, many sudden, arrhythmic deaths had a clinical history of angina.

FDA Approves Epoetin Alfa Biosimilar Retacrit

FDA Approves Epoetin Alfa Biosimilar Retacrit

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The approval of Retacrit was based on a review of evidence that included human pharmacokinetic/pharmacodynamic data and clinical immunogenicity data which demonstrated a high degree of similarity between Retacrit and its reference product.

Liraglutide May Affect Clinical Outcomes of Myocardial Infarction in Type 2 Diabetes

Liraglutide May Affect Clinical Outcomes of Myocardial Infarction in Type 2 Diabetes

Liraglutide may reduce the incidence of myocardial infarction in patients who have a high cardiovascular risk with type 2 diabetes.

Marijuana Use Not Linked to Risk of Arrhythmias After Acute MI

Marijuana Use Not Linked to Risk of Arrhythmias After Acute MI

Marijuana use is not associated with increased risk of ventricular tachycardia/ventricular fibrillation or cardiac arrest for patients with acute myocardial infarction.

Timely Receipt of PCI in STEMI Up With Hospital Bypass Policy

Timely Receipt of PCI in STEMI Up With Hospital Bypass Policy

More patients receive PCI within guideline recommended time in states with hospital bypass policies.

Oxygen Therapy in Acute MI Not Associated With Clinical Benefit

Oxygen Therapy in Acute MI Not Associated With Clinical Benefit

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Patients with confirmed or suspected acute myocardial infarction do not benefit from supplemental oxygen therapy.

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

High FGF-23 Linked to Recurrent Cardiac Events After ACS

FGF-23 concentrations in the top quartile were independently linked to greater risk for CV death and heart failure hospitalization.

Cardiovascular Complications of COPD

Cardiovascular Complications of COPD

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A 55-year-old man with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease reports having some mild chest pain.

Statin Prescription Trends in Women vs Men After Hospitalization for MI

Statin Prescription Trends in Women vs Men After Hospitalization for MI

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Women are less likely than men to fill a high-intensity statin prescription following hospitalization for myocardial infarction.

Social Isolation, Loneliness May Increase AMI, Stroke Risk

Social Isolation, Loneliness May Increase AMI, Stroke Risk

Social isolation linked to increased mortality among individuals with history of AMI or stroke

Higher Myocardial Infarction Care Payments Improve Mortality

Higher Myocardial Infarction Care Payments Improve Mortality

Findings based on Medicare 30-day payments for both inpatient care and after discharge.

T2D and Hypertriglyceridemia: No Cardiovascular Benefit With Fenofibrate or Statins

T2D and Hypertriglyceridemia: No Cardiovascular Benefit With Fenofibrate or Statins

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Statins were associated with a reduction in mortality but there was no significant difference in the composite end point with fenofibrates alone or in combination with statins.

Ticagrelor and clopidogrel have similar major bleeding rates following thrombolytic therapy

Use of ticagrelor resulted in similar rates of major bleeding compared with clopidogrel in patients with STEMI treated with thrombolysis.

Acute MI Hospital Mortality During Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics Meeting Dates

Acute MI Hospital Mortality During Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics Meeting Dates

Acute myocardial infarction 30-day mortality was lower during Transcatheter Cardiovascular Therapeutics meeting dates.

Substance Use May Increase Mortality in Younger Patients With MI

Substance Use May Increase Mortality in Younger Patients With MI

Cocaine and/or marijuana use was present in 10% of patients with myocardial infarction were ≤50 years old.

Cardiovascular Outcomes of SGLT-2i vs Other Glucose-Lowering Drugs in T2D

Cardiovascular Outcomes of SGLT-2i vs Other Glucose-Lowering Drugs in T2D

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A recent study evaluated the effects of SGLT-2i and other glucose-lowering drugs on cardiovascular event outcomes in patients with type 2 diabetes from 6 countries in 3 world regions.

Machine Learning Shows Potential in Diagnosing Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Chest Pain

Machine Learning Shows Potential in Diagnosing Myocardial Infarction in Patients With Chest Pain

Two analyses were conducted, one during the training phase and the second during the validation phase of the study.

Strongest Predictors of STEMI Adverse Outcomes in Cardiogenic Shock

Strongest Predictors of STEMI Adverse Outcomes in Cardiogenic Shock

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Time from first medical contact to primary percutaneous coronary intervention is inversely linked to short-term survival in STEMI.

Adiposity Increases Affect MI Risk More in Women vs Men

Adiposity Increases Affect MI Risk More in Women vs Men

Waist circumference and waist-to-hip ratio increases tied to greater excess risk for myocardial infarction in women than men.

Acute MI With Diabetes Mortality Predicted by Acute-to-Chronic Glycemic Ratio

Acute MI With Diabetes Mortality Predicted by Acute-to-Chronic Glycemic Ratio

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In patients with diabetes who had an acute myocardial infarction, the acute-to-chronic glycemic ratio was a better predictor of mortality compared with baseline glycemia levels.

Acute Coronary Syndrome Benefits From Both Antiplatelets and DOACs

Acute Coronary Syndrome Benefits From Both Antiplatelets and DOACs

Treatment with direct oral anticoagulants in addition to antiplatelet therapy appears efficacious for patients with STEMI.

CHD, MI Risk Predicted in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Biomarker Score

CHD, MI Risk Predicted in Rheumatoid Arthritis Using Biomarker Score

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Myocardial infarction and coronary heart disease may be predicted by multibiomarker disease activity in patients with rheumatoid arthritis.

Stroke, Other CV Risks, Increased With Migraine

Stroke, Other CV Risks, Increased With Migraine

Migraine was associated with elevated risks of myocardial infarction, stroke (ischemic and hemorrhagic), venous thromboembolism, and atrial fibrillation or flutter.

Acute MI Risk Increases With Influenza, Other Respiratory Infections

Acute MI Risk Increases With Influenza, Other Respiratory Infections

Influenza was associated with an increased risk for myocardial infarction.

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