Cardiovascular Disease

Long-term Cardiovascular Risk of Undiagnosed Chest Pain

Long-term Cardiovascular Risk of Undiagnosed Chest Pain

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Patients with undiagnosed chest pain in primary care rarely undergo diagnostic testing, but experience an increased risk of both fatal and non-fatal CV events.

Role of Race and Ethnicity in Cardiovascular Health

Role of Race and Ethnicity in Cardiovascular Health

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Experts weigh in on how to improve racial and ethnic disparities in cardiovascular health.

Association Between CVD Risk, Hot Flashes in Premature Menopause

Association Between CVD Risk, Hot Flashes in Premature Menopause

Among non-smoking women, hot flashes signaled increased vascular dysfunction, independent of other CVD risk factors.

Measuring Visceral Adipose Tissue With DXA to Predict Atherosclerotic CVD

Measuring Visceral Adipose Tissue With DXA to Predict Atherosclerotic CVD

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Fourteen percent of study participants experienced incident athersclerotic cardiovascular disease events.

Are Patients Aware the Importance of Cholesterol Management?

Are Patients Aware the Importance of Cholesterol Management?

An American Heart Association survey found that patients felt least informed about the differences in cholesterol types and goals for cholesterol management.

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test: A Beneficial Prognostic Test

Cardiopulmonary Exercise Test: A Beneficial Prognostic Test

Cardiopulmonary exercise testing should be integrated with clinical, laboratory, and hemodynamic parameters.

Young Americans More Likely to Be Hospitalized for Ischemic Stroke

Young Americans More Likely to Be Hospitalized for Ischemic Stroke

Both acute ischemic stroke and stroke risk factors are on the rise among Americans younger than 65 years of age.

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Increases With Body Weight Fluctuations

Cardiovascular Disease Risk Increases With Body Weight Fluctuations

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Increases in body weight fluctuations were associated with greater risk for coronary and cardiovascular events and death.

Vascular Health Predictive of Amyloid Deposits

Vascular Health Predictive of Amyloid Deposits

Researchers followed participants with no dementia to determine the link between vascular health and amyloid deposits leading to dementia.

CVD, Mortality Risk in Older Women Predicted by Tooth Loss and Periodontitis

CVD, Mortality Risk in Older Women Predicted by Tooth Loss and Periodontitis

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Periodontitis was associated with an increased mortality risk while edentulism was linked with an increased cardiovascular disease risk.

Impact of Multivitamin Use on CV Health in Men

Impact of Multivitamin Use on CV Health in Men

Multivitamin use was found to have no impact on men's cardiovascular health, regardless of baseline nutritional status.

FOURIER Trial Data Questions: Are PCSK9 Inhibitors The Right Choice?

FOURIER Trial Data Questions: Are PCSK9 Inhibitors The Right Choice?

Results of the FOURIER trial, presented at the 2017 ACC Scientific Sessions, raise questions about the efficacy of PCSK9 inhibitors as long-term therapy for patients with atherosclerotic CVD.

Does Insomnia Increase Risk of CV and Stroke Events?

Does Insomnia Increase Risk of CV and Stroke Events?

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The study analysis focused on the link between cardio-cerebral vascular events and difficulty initiating and maintaining sleep, among others.

Heterogeneous Associations Between Alcohol Consumption and CVD Initial Presentation

Heterogeneous Associations Between Alcohol Consumption and CVD Initial Presentation

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The researchers found heterogeneity in the association between recorded alcohol consumption and the initial presentation of 12 cardiovascular diseases.

Weight Fluctuation Associated With Increased Mortality Independent of Traditional CV Risk Factors

Weight Fluctuation Associated With Increased Mortality Independent of Traditional CV Risk Factors

Data from over 9505 patients with coronary artery disease was analyzed.

Efficacy of Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation in CVD Prevention

Efficacy of Monthly High-Dose Vitamin D Supplementation in CVD Prevention

A study sought to determine whether monthly high-dose vitamin D supplementation prevented cardiovascular disease in the general population.

Elevated Cardiovascular Impairment Among Firefighters

Elevated Cardiovascular Impairment Among Firefighters

Researchers found pathogenic mechanisms to explain elevated incidence of acute myocardial infarction in firefighters.

Novel Multimodality Testing Strategy Improves CVD Risk Assessment

Novel Multimodality Testing Strategy Improves CVD Risk Assessment

A mutlimodal strategy combines 5 separate tests to significantly improve CVD and ASVCD risk assessment.

Increased CVD Risk With ECG Abnormalities in Type 1 Diabetes

Increased CVD Risk With ECG Abnormalities in Type 1 Diabetes

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Cardiovascular disease risk in type 1 diabetes increased with the development of each additional major ECG abnormality.

AHA/ACC: 2017 Update to Guidelines for Valvular Heart Disease Managmenet

AHA/ACC: 2017 Update to Guidelines for Valvular Heart Disease Managmenet

The guidelines modify 2014 recommendations relating to aortic valve replacement and transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedures.

Dissecting the Latest Trends and Controversies in Cardiovascular Nutrition

Dissecting the Latest Trends and Controversies in Cardiovascular Nutrition

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Recent evidence clearly indicates that patients should be eating whole foods rather than attempting to get vitamins and antioxidants from dietary supplements.

Nonischemic Heart Failure Risk Increased With Rheumatoid Arthritis

Nonischemic Heart Failure Risk Increased With Rheumatoid Arthritis

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Researchers noted that the relative risk of heart failure increased following a patient's RA diagnosis.

Physical Function Goals for Elderly Patients With CVD

Physical Function Goals for Elderly Patients With CVD

Physical function and cardiac rehabilitation should be emphasized in elderly patients.

Functional Status Decline Occurs at Least 2 Years Before Cardiovascular Events

Functional Status Decline Occurs at Least 2 Years Before Cardiovascular Events

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A decline in function status occurred an average of 2 years before hospitalization for myocardial infarction, and 3 years before heart failure and stroke.

Nuanced Approach To Alcohol Consumption Key in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Nuanced Approach To Alcohol Consumption Key in Cardiovascular Disease Prevention

Researchers identified heterogeneous associations between levels of alcohol consumption and presentation of CVD.

Analyzing Patient Heterogeneity Upon Antihypertensive Therapy Initiation to Personalize Prognosis

Analyzing Patient Heterogeneity Upon Antihypertensive Therapy Initiation to Personalize Prognosis

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Patients with higher baseline blood pressure had higher 6-month combined cardiovascular disease incidence after adjustments.

HIV Infection Associated With Elevated Cardiovascular Disease Risk

HIV Infection Associated With Elevated Cardiovascular Disease Risk

Those with HIV infection experience an elevated risk for CVD, potentially exacerbated by the use of certain antiretroviral therapies.

LDL-C Lowered Below Current Targets Beneficial to Atherosclerotic CVD

LDL-C Lowered Below Current Targets Beneficial to Atherosclerotic CVD

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Evolocumab reduced LDL-C levels by 59% and lowered the risk of CV death, MI, stroke, hospitalization for unstable angina, or coronary revascularization by 15%.

Bococizumab Reduced Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk But Not Low-Risk Patients

Bococizumab Reduced Cardiovascular Events in High-Risk But Not Low-Risk Patients

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In the combined SPIRE trials, the mean change in LDL-C levels was −56.0% in the bococizumab group and +2.9% in the placebo group.

ARBs vs ACE Inhibitors For High-Risk Cardiac Patients

ARBs vs ACE Inhibitors For High-Risk Cardiac Patients

Cardiovascular event incidence was lower in patients taking angiotensin receptor blockers (ARBs) vs angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi).

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